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World History . Unit 1: Beginning of Civilization Ch 1 & 2. Taking notes from my presentations…. DO NOT WRITE WORD-FOR-WORD This will be waaaay too much work for you I never ask questions on assessments requiring an exact quote from the notes Jot down SUMMARIZED info and keywords

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World history

World History

Unit 1: Beginning of Civilization

Ch 1 & 2

Taking notes from my presentations
Taking notes from my presentations…


    • This will be waaaay too much work for you

    • I never ask questions on assessments requiring an exact quote from the notes

  • Jot down SUMMARIZED info and keywords

    • Put things in YOUR OWN words

      • This requires you to understand the material before you can write it down. Simply copying is NOT learning

    • KISS = Keep It Short and Sweet, use abbreviations


    • Make a list and expand your vocabulary

What is history
What is history?

  • History is defined as a narrative of past events of a particular people, country, period, person, etc., usually written as a chronological account

Historical scientists
Historical Scientists

  • Many scientists work as a team to make new discoveries about how prehistoric people lived

    • Archaeologists- excavate and study traces of early settlements.

    • Anthropologists- study past cultures for behavior and social patterns.

    • Paleontologists- use techniques to date ancient remains.


“Ice Man” Otzi – pg 15

“Lucy” – pg 7

Human species
Human Species

  • Homo Erectus: First migrating humans (from Africa)

  • Homo Sapiens: Modern day humans

    • Neanderthals: religious beginnings, cavemen, hunters with tools

    • Cro-Magnon: superior hunter lead to bigger population, spoken language, created art

Open your textbooks
Open your textbooks

  • Pg 8-9: timeline

  • Pg 9: Empire State Building

  • Pg 10: migration map

  • Pg 12-13: cave paintings

Cave paintings
Cave Paintings

  • Interesting facts:

    • Most focused on hunters and animals.

    • stick figures for people, but the animals were well drawn with more shape and substance.

    • In order to reach the places where cave paintings have been found, Cro-Magnon man had to crawl on his belly, through mazes of narrow, dark tunnels, by the light of a flicking torch or a spoon-like oil lamp, and carrying the paints he had carefully prepared

    • Were discovered accidentally. The caves in Lascaux, France were found around 1940, during World War II, by some kids. They stumbled across the entrance to a cave that had been hidden by the roots of a tree.

Tpeqea choose one prompt
TPEQEA – Choose one prompt

  • How is the work of anthropologists valuable for people living today?

  • In order for civilizations to develop, why was it essential for man to first have tools?

  • What does the artistic style of cave paintings tell us about the lives of Cro-Magnon?

For homework
For homework…

  • Choose a favorite quote that you will depict in cave painting style

  • Bring this written down with you tomorrow

  • You may not use the quotes I have around my classroom

Cave painting quotes
Cave Painting Quotes

  • Please share with the class…

    • What is your quote?

    • Why did you pick this quote?

Poster requirements
Poster Requirements

  • Must be in the historical artistic style of real cave paintings

  • Must explain your quote through pictures with NO words

Cities develop
Cities Develop

  • Development of better tools improves farming and hunting

    • Leads to food surplus

      • Leads to larger populations

        • Leads to different jobs

          • Leads to social classes and leisure time

What is a civilization
What is a Civilization?

  • What do you think?

  • Civilizations (according to historians) must have at least 5 elements… (pg 19-21)

1 advanced cities
1. Advanced Cities

  • Center of trade for a larger area

  • Goods are brought to markets to exchange

Ancient city of Jericho

2 specialized workers
2. Specialized Workers

  • Large population meant too many farmers

    • Other jobs emerged: traders, gov’t officials, priests, artisans

      • Artisans made things like jewelry, metal tools and weapons, pottery, clothing, etc.

3 complex institutions
3. Complex Institutions

  • Governments were created to rule over people

  • Religion develops

    • Most cities had temples

  • Economy is established

4 record keeping
4. Record Keeping

  • Need to keep track of taxes, laws, calendar dates, rituals, etc.

  • Scribes wrote about wars, natural disasters, the reign of kings, etc.

    • Ancient Sumerians wrote in cuneiform: writing with a stylus (sharpened reed) onto wet clay in symbols, then bake the clay in the sun. (pg 21)

5 improved technology
5. Improved Technology

  • Developed to solve problems in society

    • Animal powered plows

    • Potter’s wheel for bowls and jugs

    • Metal workers mixed copper and tin together to form bronze

      • Used for weapons and tools (Bronze age)

6 cultural identity mrs cox s extra element
#6 Cultural Identity(Mrs. Cox’s extra element)

  • Shared ethnicity

    • Can include language, traditions, rites of passage, cultural celebrations, clothing style, set of moral values, social mores, family structure, sports and recreation, etc.

  • Necessary for unification and sustainability

Tpeqea choose one prompt1
TPEQEA – Choose one prompt

  • What is a modern example of specialized workers in the US today?

  • How has record keeping allowed civilization in the US to flourish?

  • Which element of civilization is the most essential?

Create your own civilization project
Create Your Own Civilization Project

  • Your group will write a novella about a civilization that you invent.

    • You will receive an individual exam grade for your part of the project

    • You will also receive a group project grade for the presentation and explanation of your novella to the class

Chapter 1 to be completed by entire group together
Chapter #1 – To be completed by entire group together

  • What is the name of your civilization?

  • What time period do they live in?

    • This can be a past, present, or even futuristic

  • Where is your civilization located?

    • This can be below, on, or above earth or even on a different planet or galaxy

Chapter 2
Chapter #2

  • What makes up the cultural identity of your civilization?

    • Include clothing style, social mores, family structure, recreation activities, and entertainment

    • Make sure that all religious traditions, holidays, and rites of passage are all consistent with your ethnicity

  • Create visuals and/or diagrams (separate from your writing of the story) to enhance your chapter.

Chapter 3
Chapter #3

  • Create a timeline of significant events from the history of your civilization

    • Describe how your civilization came to be.

    • What has happened to bring your people to where they are today?

  • Create a visual that is a map for the main city of your civilization

    • Include places of worship, business, government centers, recreation, etc.

Chapter 4
Chapter #4

  • Invent a religion for your civilization and explain their religious beliefs and practices

    • Make sure to communicate these beliefs with your other group members so that they may be present in the other task presentations

    • What rites of passage, holidays, and traditions will be celebrated?

  • Create visuals and/or diagrams (separate from your writing of the story) to enhance your chapter.

Chapter 5
Chapter #5

  • Decide what type of governing body would best represent your civilization and explain the workings of this governing body

    • Create a list of at least 10 laws

      • Make sure other group members are aware of these laws so that they may be present in the other task presentations

  • Create visuals and/or diagrams (separate from your writing of the story) to enhance your chapter.

Chapter 6
Chapter #6

  • Describe what jobs and economic activities are needed in your civilization.

    • Work with others to decide what technology and tools are essential

    • What kind of currency system will they use?

  • Include the hierarchy of social classes

    • What makes one class different than the others?

  • Create visuals (separate from your writing of the story) to enhance your chapter