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World History

World History

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World History

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  1. World History Chapter 6 Review

  2. The finest writer of Greek comedies • Aristophanes

  3. Taught that life should be lived for pleasure • Epicurus

  4. Preserved the teachings of Socrates • Plato

  5. Developed atomic theory • Democritus

  6. Believed math could explain the world • Pythagoras

  7. Considered the finest example of Greek architecture • Parthenon

  8. Calculated the distance around the Earth • Eratosthenes

  9. The sin of pride • hubris

  10. Rows of soldiers standing shoulder to shoulder • phalanx

  11. Led the Athenian opposition to Philip • Demosthenes

  12. Means “lover of wisdom” • philosopher

  13. Fort at the top of the Acropolis Temple to Zeus Temple to Athena Stadium for the Olympic games The Parthenon was a…

  14. Greek art broke away from Egyptian influence by… • Making paintings & sculptures more structured • Focusing on animals more than people • Using more lifelike poses • Using a smaller scale

  15. Some Greek sculptors made their work more lifelike by… • Using mathematical proportions • Studying dead bodies • Crating self portraits • Refusing to make temple statues of gods

  16. Greek art expressed its belief in • Military power • Displaying wealth • Extravagant detail • Simplicity and balance

  17. Early philosophers were called cosmologists because they… • Studied the sky • Studied the nature of the universe • Usually lived in cities • Studied the weather

  18. Socrates believed that students should… • Focus on memorization • Learn to think for themselves • Avoid politics • Follow the example of political leaders

  19. Plato believed in a government ruled by an aristocracy, or • An intellectual upper class • A democracy of all citizens • Experienced political leaders • Wealthy nobles

  20. Aristotle believed that • Perfection was beyond humans • There was no perfect truths • Logical study led to truth • A simple life led to truth

  21. Hippocrates’s work sums up Greek science because it… • Combines worship of the gods with logic • Finds a mathematical purpose for everything • Merges the natural and the supernatural world • Bases treatment on reason, not magic

  22. Thucydides believed that… • Everything could be explained through math • Everything should be studied logically • Science should be based on observation • History should be fair and accurate

  23. Philip’s admiration of Greek ways • Led to his downfall • Helped him conquer Greece • Angered Macedonians • Turned Alexander against Greece

  24. Alexander desired to • Spread Macedonian culture • Spread Greek culture • Eliminate non-Greek people • Find slaves for Greece

  25. Hellenism is a blend of… • Greek & Macedonian cultures • Greek & Egyptian cultures • Greek, Mediterranean, & Asian cultures • Mediterranean & Syrian cultures

  26. The spread of Hellenistic culture • Created an educated peasant class • Increased the wealth of the middle class • Created a culture of wealthy priests • Oppressed people in non-Greek countries

  27. Hellenistic doctors increased their knowledge by… • Learning from Egyptian traditions • Learning from Greek traditions • Dismissing the teachings of Hippocrates • Studying the work of Archimedes

  28. True or False • Greek art showed an admiration for human qualities and actions • TRUE

  29. True or False • Philosophers asked questions about human existence and nature • TRUE

  30. True or False • Plato believed that the soul and the body were separate, but would be reunited through reincarnation • TRUE

  31. True or False • Greek scientists believed that natural laws could not be defined, because conditions were constantly changing • FALSE

  32. True or False • Speeches by Demosthenes inspired Athenians to join with Philip • FALSE

  33. True or False • Alexander’s aim was to unite the whole world under one single empire. • TRUE

  34. True or False • The spread of Hellenistic culture demonstrates the success of Alexander’s vision of world conquest • FALSE

  35. True or False • Ruler-worship provided people with a replacement for the faltering polis. • TRUE

  36. True or False • Stoics, like Zeno, believed that people should accept their fates without complaining. • TRUE

  37. True or False • Hellenistic science tended to focus more on theory than practice. • TRUE

  38. The beautiful buildings of Athens showed the ____________ people felt in their city. pride

  39. Scenes of everyday life and the art of Praxiteles show a movement toward _____________ in Greek art realism

  40. The Socratic Method used ________________ to teach. questions

  41. ____________ believed that perfection existed in theory but not reality Plato

  42. Aristotle collected as many facts as he could and then _________ them organized

  43. Hippocrates taught that disease was the result of ____________ Natural causes

  44. _____________ was greatly influenced by his time in Greek prison Philip II of Macedon

  45. Alexander’s main goal was to __________________ Conquer the known world

  46. Hellenism gave greater freedom to ________________ women

  47. __________ philosophy influenced Roman and Christian thinking stoic