html5-img
1 / 20

World History

World History. Unit 3 An Age of Exchange and Encounter: 500 to A.D. 1500. Chapter 11 Byzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact, 500 - 1500 A.D. Section 2 Byzantium Becomes the New Rome. CHAPTER. 11. 1500. 500. Byzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact , 500–1500. Time Line.

isra
Download Presentation

World History

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. Content is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only. Download presentation by click this link. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server. During download, if you can't get a presentation, the file might be deleted by the publisher.

E N D

Presentation Transcript


  1. World History Unit 3 An Age of Exchange and Encounter: 500 to A.D. 1500

  2. Chapter 11Byzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact, 500 - 1500 A.D. Section 2 Byzantium Becomes the New Rome

  3. CHAPTER 11 1500 500 Byzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact, 500–1500 Time Line 850sByzantine culture spreads to Russia. 1240Kiev destroyed by Mongols. 527Justinian becomes ruler of Byzantine Empire. 1054Christianity splits into Roman Catholic and Orthodox branches. 1480Ivan III ends Mongol control of Russia.

  4. Byzantium Becomes the New Rome Objectives • To describe Byzantine politics and the rise of Emperor Justinian. • To describe Justinian’s achievements, and life in Constantinople. • To characterize Byzantine education. • To identify the causes of the Byzantine Empire’s collapse • To explain why the Eastern and Western churches created two traditions. • Vocabulary:Justianian Code, Hagia Sophia, patriarch, icon, iconoclast, excommunication, schism, Cyrillic alphabet

  5. The New Rome Capital • Constantinople • Constantine - 330 AD Justinian - 527 AD • Belisarius • recovered most of empire • ‘New’ Caesar • ruled state and church • absolute power New Rome • Greek not Latin • Justinian Code • single, uniform civil law code • 4 parts • serves for 900 years

  6. Life in Constantinople Rebuilding a New Rome • rebuilt fortress-like city • palace • intensive church-building • church and state • Hagia Sophia • Christianity’s most splendid • law courts, schools, hospitals • Hippodrome • chariot races • riots (Theodora) Education • Greek and Roman literature • Homer, Euclid, Herodotus • girls home schooled

  7. Byzantine Decline Justinian’s Plague - 542 AD • bubonic plague • 8-12 years • 10,000 deaths a day Attacks • Germanic tribes in west • Crusades in 1204 • Slavs in the north • Russians • Sassanid in east • Islam from the south Fall • Ottoman Turks in 1453

  8. A Church Divided Eastern Orthodox • patriarch • heads church with bishops • icons • religious images; banned in east by Leo III • iconoclasts - icon-breakers • restored by Theodora Roman Catholic • excommunication • Byzantine emperor over icons • 1054 • pope versus patriarch • schism • split in two churches • Cyrillic alphabet • Saints Methodius and Cyril

  9. 1 Section Assessment Justinian Byzantium Becomes the New Rome 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List Justinian’s accomplishments as emperor of the New Rome. Conquered most of Italy and parts of Spain Rebuilt Constantinople’s fortifications Built aqueducts, courts, schools, hospitals Rebuilt the Hagia Sophia Established Justinian Code Encouraged trade, education Enlarged his palace

  10. Chapter 11Byzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact, 500 - 1500 A.D. Section 2 Russians Adapt Byzantine Culture

  11. Russians Adapt Byzantine Culture Objectives • To summarize the Slavic, Greek, and Viking roots of Russia and Russian culture. • To describe the rise and fall of the principality of Kiev. • To explain how the Mongol invasions united Russia and empowered Moscow. • Vocabulary:Slavs, boyars, Olga, Vladimer, Yaroslav the Wise, Alexander Nevsky, czar

  12. Slavic and Greek Cultures Slavs • people from Black Sea forests • farmers and traders Varangians (Rus) • Vikings from Scandanavia • boyars - nobles • Novgorod • 1st important city • Kiev • trade with Byzantines Christianity • Princess Olga • 1st to convert • Vladimir - 989 • Kievan Christian conversion

  13. Kievan Russia Yaroslav the Wise - 1019-54 • Vladimir’s son • legal code for property / commerce Kievan Decline • division of empire • Crusade’s impact Mongol Rise - 1200s • Genghis Khan • rule southern Russia 200 years • Khanate of the Golden Horde • Slavic obedience • massive tribute • Alexander Nevsky

  14. Moscow Saint Alexander Nevsky • military hero; church defender Moscow • founded 1100 • Iine of Ivan princeships • Ivan III - 1462-1505 • 1st czar; Caesar • married Byzantine princess • Ugra River • bloodless standoff

  15. 2 Section Assessment Moscow Princes Nobles Church People Russians Adapt Byzantine Culture 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. Explain the effects of Mongol rule in Russia. Tolerated by Mongols; acted as link between Mongols and Russians Paid high taxes; developed a devotion to icons Became tax collectors for Mongols; gained control of small states around Moscow Collected tribute; put down revolts

  16. Chapter 11Byzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact, 500 - 1500 A.D. Section 3 Turkish Empires Rise in Anatolia

  17. Turkish Empires Rise in Anatolia Objectives • To describe the rise of the Seljuk Turks and their impact on Persian culture. • To explain how internal problems and foreign attack ended Seljuk power. • Vocabulary:mamelukes, Seljuks, vizier, Malik Shah

  18. Rise of the Turks Turks • nomadic herders, horsemen • fierce warriors • mamelukes • Turkish military slaves • Abbasid Empire (Persian) • after 945, religious leader only • Seljuks • migrated into Abbasid • Islamic conversion (Shi’a) • capture Baghdad • Anatolia • Battle of Manzikert (1071) • courting of Persians • strong support; influence

  19. Seljuk Turks Malik Shah - (1055-1092) • last great Seljuk sultan • vizier • prime minister • collection of minor kingdoms Crusades • 1095 Edict • Pope Urban II • 1099 • capture Jerusalem • 1187 • Saladin recaptures Jerusalem Mongols • 1200 (Genghis Khan)

  20. 756 Spain breaks away. Turkish Empires Rise in Anatolia 3 Section Assessment 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List several events in the last 200 years of the Abassid Empire. 800 Tunisia breaks away. 868 Abbasids lose control of Egypt. 945 Baghdad falls to Persians. 788 Morocco breaks away. 809 Parts of Persia are lost.

More Related