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World History. The Early Beginnings of Mankind. The First Humans. “Theories on prehistory and early man constantly change as new evidence comes to light.” - Louis Leakey, British paleoanthropologist. Terms to Know. Prehistory Anthropology Archaeology Paleontology Artifacts

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world history

World History

The Early Beginnings of Mankind

slide2

The First Humans

“Theories on prehistory and early man constantly change as new evidence comes to light.”

- Louis Leakey, British paleoanthropologist

terms to know
Terms to Know
  • Prehistory
  • Anthropology
  • Archaeology
  • Paleontology
  • Artifacts
  • Hominid
radiocarbon dating
Radiocarbon Dating
  • Used to determine the age of artifacts and fossils
  • “Lucy” was unearthed in 1974 by Donald Johanson
    • Radiocarbon dated to 3.2 million years old
    • Had apelike features
hominid groups
Hominid Groups
  • Homo Habilis
    • 1.5 million years ago
  • Homo Erectus
    • At its height 200,000 to 100,000 BCE
    • Speech by 50,000 BCE
    • Made Spears and Clubs to hunt with
    • Remains found on Africa, Europe, Asia
  • Homo Sapien
    • 200,000 to 10,000 BCE
slide7

STAGES OF EARLY HUMAN DEVELOPMENT

  • 4,000,000 - 1,000,000 BCE
  • - Australopithecus
  • 1,500,000 – 250,000 BCE
  • - Homo Habalis

Paleolithic Age

2,500,000 – 10,000 BCE

  • 250,000 – 30,000 BCE
  • - Homo Erectus
  • 30,000 BCE – 10,000 BCE
  • - Homo Sapiens
paleolithic age 2 500 000 bce 8 000 bce
PALEOLITHIC AGE2,500,000 BCE – 8,000 BCE
  • Made Stone Tools
  • Hunter/Gatherer Roles
    • Bands of 20-30 members (typically related)
    • Men = Hunters & Women = Gatherers
  • Nomadic Cultures
    • Migrate from Place to Place
    • Often Times Used Caves for Shelter
slide9

Stage 1

4,000,000 BCE – 1,000,000 BCE

Hominids – Any member of the family of two legged primates; including all humans

Apposable Thumbs

Australopithecines

slide10

Stage 1

HOMO HABILIS

“man with ability”

  • Found in East Africa
  • Created Stone Tools
slide11

Stage 2

1,500,000 BCE – 30,000 BCE

Homo Erectus

“Upright Person”

  • Bipedalism
  • Larger and More Varied Tools
  • First Hominid to Migrate from Africa to Eurasia
  • First to Use Fire
slide12

Stage 3

200,000 BCE – 10,000 BCE

HOMO SAPIENS

“Wise Human Being”

  • Neanderthals (200,000 – 30,000 BCE)
    • Made Clothes from Animal Hides
    • 1st to Bury their Dead
  • Cro-Magnons (40,000 – 10,000 BCE)
      • 1st Homo Sapiens Sapiens?
slide14

The Neolithic Age

  • “Neolithic” = “New Stone” Age
    • 10,000 BCE – 4,000 BCE
  • Gradual Shift From:
    • Nomadic Lifestyle --- Sedentary Lifestyle
    • Hunting/Gathering --- Domesticated Agriculture
  • The Agricultural Revolution
    • Developed Independently Throughout the World
    • “Slash & Burn” Farming

Middle East India Cent. America China SE Asia

8000 BCE 7000 BCE 6500 BCE 6000 BCE 5000 BCE

slide15

The Agricultural Revolution

Why do you think the development

of agriculture occured around

the same time in various places on

Earth with limited/no contact

between civilizations?

slide16

The Agricultural Revolution

Why do some archaeologists

believe that women were

the first farmers?

slide17

Early Settled Communities

  • Growing crops on a regular basis made possible the support of expanding populations
  • More permanent, sedentary communities began to emerge
  • 9,000 BCE: The earliest Agricultural Settlement emerged at JARMO in modern day Iraq
    • Primary Crop was wheat
slide18

Early Settled Communities

  • 8000 BCE: Largest Early Settlement at Catal Huyuk (Modern Turkey)
    • 6000 inhabitants
    • 12 cultivated crops
    • Emergence of a Division of Labor
    • Organized Religion
    • Small Military
slide20

The Agricultural Revolution

What role did the food supply

play in shaping the nomadic

life of hunter-gatherers and

the settled life of farmers?

slide21

Why is the

"Neolithic Revolution"

a turning point

in human history?

slide22

What is the

next step in the

development of

human settlements?

slide23

CITIES !

CIVILIZATIONS !!

slide24

Advanced

Cities

Advanced

Technology

CIVILIZATION

Specialized

Workers

Record-

Keeping

Complex

Institutions