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Ch.4, Sec.3 – The Southern Colonies: Plantations & Slavery. - the Southern Colonies were made up of Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia . The Plantation Economy . Ch.4, Sec.3 – The Southern Colonies: Plantations & Slavery.

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Ch.4, Sec.3 – The Southern Colonies: Plantations & Slavery


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    1. Ch.4, Sec.3 – The Southern Colonies: Plantations & Slavery - the Southern Colonies were made up of Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia

    2. The Plantation Economy Ch.4, Sec.3 – The Southern Colonies: Plantations & Slavery - the South’s fertile soil and almost year-round growing season was ideal to grow cash crops like tobacco, rice, and cotton - transporting resources was very easy because of the many waterways

    3. - the Southern Colonies didn’t have large cities like the New England & Middle Colonies because plantations had everything the families needed Ch.4, Sec.3 – The Southern Colonies: Plantations & Slavery - because plantations were mostly self-sufficient, large cities were not as common in the South – the only exception was Charles Town, South Carolina (Charleston)

    4. The Turn to Slavery Ch.4, Sec.3 – The Southern Colonies: Plantations & Slavery - by the A.D. 1660s, the labor system in the Southern Colonies began to change as indentured white servants began to leave the plantations - it was politically dangerous (like Bacon’s Rebellion) to keep White servants on their plantations - therefore, landowners turned to African slaves - by A.D. 1750, there were over 235,000 African slaves in America and 85% lived in the Southern Colonies

    5. Ch.4, Sec.3 – The Southern Colonies: Plantations & Slavery • Plantations Expand - African slaves were used to cultivate the rice fields in South Carolina & Georgia - African slaves were also used to cultivate the indigo plant, which was introduced as a plantation crop by Eliza Lucas

    6. The Planter Class Ch.4, Sec.3 – The Southern Colonies: Plantations & Slavery - slave labor allowed the planter class to become very wealthy & powerful - many gained political & economic control of the South and they ruled their plantations like tyrants Philip Ludwell William Byrd II

    7. Life Under Slavery Ch.4, Sec.3 – The Southern Colonies: Plantations & Slavery - overseers often forced slaves to work 15 hour days in the hot sun with backbreaking work and whipped them if they were not working hard enough - many still tried to hold on to their African cultures (music, dances, religion)

    8. Ch.4, Sec.3 – The Southern Colonies: Plantations & Slavery • Resistance to Slavery - many slaves fought against their enslavement through rebellions - the Stono Rebellion in A.D. 1739 was one famous example of 20 slaves killing their owners (all were killed in battle or executed after capture)