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The Southern Colonies. Miss Bails. I. Geography of the Southern Colonies. Mason-Dixon Line – line between Maryland/Pennsylvania; later line between the North and the South Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia

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I geography of the southern colonies
I. Geography of the Southern Colonies

Mason-Dixon Line – line between Maryland/Pennsylvania; later line between the North and the South

Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia

Warm/humid, long growing season (tobacco/rice) – spurs slavery


Ii virginia grows
II. Virginia Grows

1650: death rate fell, population increased

A. Conflicts with Native Americans

1. Disease/violence shrank Native Americans population

2. 1622/1644: violence; hundreds of colonists killed

3. 1644: Native Americans had to accept English rule


Ii virginia grows1
II. Virginia Grows

B. Bacon’s Rebellion

1. 1660s: poor colonists no farmland (tobacco); forced to work for wealthy

2. Farmers move inland, fight Native Americans, governor avoids war because of fur trade

3. 1675: Nathaniel Bacon attacked Native Americans; governor declares them as rebels, Bacon burns down Jamestown

4. Could not stop settling of Native American land


Iii religious toleration in maryland
III. Religious Toleration in Maryland

1632: Maryland new colony

Catholics/Protestants both settled; leads to tension

Lord Baltimore, 1649: Act of Toleration (Religious toleration – only for Christians)


Iv colonies in the carolinas and georgia
IV. Colonies in the Carolinas and Georgia

1663: new charter for Carolina

North grew slowly, small farms for tobacco

South grew fast, sugar, rice – slavery


Iv colonies in the carolinas and georgia1
IV. Colonies in the Carolinas and Georgia

A. Georgia

1. Created to keep Spain out

2. Created for debtors


V change in the southern colonies
V. Change in the Southern Colonies

Two distinct ways of life

A. The Tidewater Region

1. Plantations: crops exported profitably to Europe

2. Divided whites/slaves; divided rich/poor


V change in the southern colonies1
V. Change in the Southern Colonies

B. The Backcountry

1. Cut off from society, isolated farms

2. Backcountry believed governments did not care about them