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The Southern Colonies

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  1. The Southern Colonies 29 September 2009 Miss Bails

  2. I. Geography of the Southern Colonies Mason-Dixon Line – line btwn. Maryland/Pennsylvania; later line btwn. N & S Maryland, Virg, NC, SC, Georgia Warm/humid, long growing season (tobacco/rice) – spurs slavery

  3. II. Virginia Grows 1650: death rate fell, population increased A. Conflicts with Native Americans 1. Disease/violence shrank NA population 2. 1622/1644: violence; hundreds of colonists killed 3. 1644: NAs had to accept English rule

  4. II. Virginia Grows B. Bacon’s Rebellion 1. 1660s: poor colonists no farmland (tobacco); forced to work for wealthy 2. Farmers move inland, fight NAs, governor avoids war b/c of fur trade 3. 1675: Nathaniel Bacon attacked NAs; governor declares them as rebels, Bacon burns down Jamestown 4. Could not stop settling of NA land

  5. III. Religious Toleration in Maryland 1632: Maryland new colony Catholics/Protestants both settled; leads to tension Lord Baltimore, 1649: Act of Toleration (Religious toleration – only for Christians)

  6. IV. Colonies in the Carolinas and Georgia 1663: new charter for Carolina N grew slowly, small farms for tobacco S grew fast, sugar, rice – slavery

  7. IV. Colonies in the Carolinas and Georgia A. Georgia 1. Created to keep Spain out 2. Created for debtors

  8. V. Change in the Southern Colonies Two distinct ways of life A. The Tidewater Region 1. Plantations: crops exported profitably to Europe 2. Divided white/slaves; divided rich/poor

  9. V. Change in the Southern Colonies B. The Backcountry 1. Cut off from society, isolated farms 2. Backcountry believed gov’ts did not care about them