The Southern Colonies Coming to America With the growth of plantations, there was an increasing need for workers in the newly settled colonies. English criminals, Irish and Scottish prisoners of war and African enslaved captives, worked the plantations without pay.
Maryland Established as a safe place for Catholics
Economics & Slave labor in the Carolinas • In the 1740’s Eliza Lucas developed an important Carolina crop- Indigo. • Indigo, a blue flowering plant, was used to dye textiles. Known as the “blue gold” of Carolina. • Enslaved Africans who arrived in the Carolinas worked the rice fields. • Growing rice required much labor, so the demand for slaves increased. • By 1708 more than half the people living in southern Carolina were enslaved Africans. • Settlers wanted a greater role in the colony’s government, in 1729 Carolina became 2 colonies- North and South Carolina.
The British were not the only Europeans who were colonizing America • New Spain • Early 1700’s Spain establishes military posts in Texas • Spanish priests built missions along the Pacific coast. Enabling the Spanish to lay claim to California • Converted Native Americans to Christianity, forced them to serve as laborers in the fields and workshops.
Chapter 3 Section4 Vocabulary • Indentured servant- laborer who agrees to work without pay for a certain period of time in exchange for passage to America. • Constitution- a formal plan of government • Debtor- person or country that owes money. • Tenant farmer- farmer who works land owned by another and pays rent either in cash or crops • Mission- a religious settlement.