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The Southern Colonies

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  1. The Southern Colonies

  2. Key Words • Mason- Dixon Line- Divided the Middle and Southern colonies between Pennsylvania and Maryland • Bacon’s Rebellion- Uprising against the Native Americans and a greedy Virginia governor who forced settlers inland and did not protect them • Slave Codes- Rules and laws for slaves behavior which denied them basic rights • Indigo- A plant used to make valuable blue dye

  3. Maryland • Sir George Calvert got the charter from King Charles I in 1632 • His son, Lord Baltimore, settled the area in 1634 • About 200 colonists settled there • Lord Baltimore was the proprietor of the colony • He appointed a governor, and set up a council of advisors • He gave colonists some control by creating an elected assembly • Offered lots of land for those who brought over servants • Both Catholics and Protestants were allowed to worship there • He passed the “Act of Toleration” in 1649

  4. Virginia • Many new colonists were flocking to Virginia • Lots of great fertile land for planters to prosper • Wealthy planters had a lock on the best land near the coast • New settlers were forced inland • Started to crowd out the Native Americans • Virginias governor would not protect the settlers • He made money from the fur trade with the Native Americans • Bacon’s rebellion ensued in 1676

  5. The Carolinas • Carolinas granted by King Charles II in 1663 • North Carolina was made up mainly of small farms • Poor tobacco planters who had moved south from Virginia settled this region • South Carolina was settled by 8 noblemen from England • Set up larger plantations for cash crops • Rice, tobacco, and indigo we common • Large plantations needed large scale labor • Turned to Native American slaves first • Natives escaped, or died of disease • They then turned to the African slave trade • African slaves outnumbered white settlers in S.C. 2-1 in the early 1700’s

  6. Georgia • James Oglethorpe founded Georgia in 1732 • He wanted it to be a place where debtors could get a fresh start • Debtors could be imprisoned in England • Oglethorpe paid for debtors and other poor people to come there • He felt that there was plenty of good land for people to succeed • Savannah was founded in 1733 • Founded by Oglethorpe and 120 colonists • No plantations over 500 acres and no slavery early on • Rules were amended later on to allow larger plantations as well as slavery • The colony grew quickly after the amendment to the rules

  7. Two Ways of Life • Tidewater Plantations • Large plantations growing cash crops • Owners had many slaves and servants and lived in large houses, some even had their own docks where merchant ships could dock • Many grew very wealthy and this is what the stereotypical southern life was • Backcountry South • More equality and independence • Subsistence agriculture ruled • Excess goods were sold at market • Hardly any slaves and there was not nearly as much wealth • People worked together for the common good more often