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The Southern Colonies. By: Kate, Carolyn, Annie, Paige, Grace, and Annika. The Colonies. Virginia: - Purpose: Gold! - Date: 1606 - People: John Smith and Pocohontas Maryland: - Purpose; Catholics could practice religion freely - Date: 1634

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the southern colonies

The Southern Colonies

By: Kate, Carolyn, Annie, Paige, Grace, and Annika

the colonies
The Colonies
  • Virginia:

- Purpose: Gold!

- Date: 1606

- People: John Smith and Pocohontas

  • Maryland:

- Purpose; Catholics could practice religion freely

- Date: 1634

- People: Sir George Calvert and Lord Baltimore

  • North Carolina:

- Purpose: Tobacco farmers (Money)

- Date: 1663/1712

- People: English Nobles

  • South Carolina:

- Purpose: Farming, Plantations, Growth of rice and indigo

- Date: 1663/1719

- People: English Nobles

  • Georgia:

- Purpose: Debtors could make a fresh start

- Date: 1732

- People: James Oglethorpe

unique economy
Unique Economy
  • Warmer weather and longer growing season
  • Tidewater region- Large plantations of tobacco and rice
  • Virginia, Maryland, and some of NC- major tobacco growing areas
  • SC +Georgia - rice & indigo
  • Profitable on large plantations
  • Earlier settlers along rivers &creeks because land washed by water = rich farmland
  • Also settled on rivers- easy to move goods to market
  • Women kept household running smoothly
  • Backcountry- hunters and farmers-
  • Rich soil
  • More democratic treat each as equals
  • Smaller fields
  • Self-sufficient provide everything they need make clothes, farming food ,hunt food etc.
bacon s rebellion
Bacon’s Rebellion
  • English settlers continued to arrive in Virginia
  • As more settlers arrived the farther they moved west into Native land
  • Conflicts over land led to fighting between Indians and settlers
  • The English called on governor to act against Natives but he refused
  • 1676 – Nathaniel Bacon organized angry men and women
  • They raided Native villages and killed anyone they could get their hands on even if they were friendly to colonists or not
  • Then they went to Jamestown and burned the capitol
  • In early years – Africans in English colonies included free people/servants/slaves
  • First enslaved Africans arrived in Virginia in 1619
  • By 1700 plantations in south relied on slave labor
  • Slaves made up majority of population in SC and Georgia
  • Slaves cleared land, worked crops, tended livestock
  • In Africa + elsewhere slavery = part of economic/social system since ancient times
  • Slaves were usually people captured in war
  • They were part of community and treated as servants not property
  • Traders transported/sold slaves as laborers
the middle passage and resistance
The Middle Passage and Resistance

The Middle Passage:

- Africans living on the coast of the Atlantic ocean captured other Africans from farther inland and sold them to Europeans

- Enslaved Africans were loaded onto ships sailing for America

- Below decks- Africans crammed tightly together on shelves

- Chained to each other hand and foot

- Some Africans resisted but few escaped 

African Resistance:

- Mutiny or revolt

- Refusing to eat

- Jumping overboard

  •  Slave trade lasted about 400 years, and probably caused the deaths of 2 to 3 million Africans.
  • Many died of illnesses that spread due to condition on ship and some died of mistreatment
slave rights
Slave Rights


  • Slavery importance increased  greater limits placed on the rights of slaves
  • Colonists made laws that set rules for slaves behavior, denied slaves basic rights
  • “Slave codes” treated enslaved Africans not as human beings but as property
  • English colonists didn’t question the justice of slavery
  • English belief: black Africans inferior to white Europeans
  • Racism- the belief that one race is superior to another
  • some colonists thought they were helping slaves by introducing them to Christianity 

Speaking Out Against Slavery:

  • a handful of colonists were against slavery
  • 1688- Quakers in Germantown, Pennsylvania were first group of colonists to call for an end of slavery
religious tolerance
Religious Tolerance
  • In Maryland - to make sure it kept growing Lord Baltimore welcomed Protestants and Catholics to Maryland
  • Later he feared Protestants might try to deprive Catholics their right to worship freely
  • 1649: The Act of Toleration was passed
  • The law provided religious freedom to all Christians
  • This freedom – not for Jews
roots to self government
Roots to Self - Government
  • Maryland:

- Governor

- Council of Advisors

- Let colonists elect assembly

  • Virginia:

- Mayflower Compact

- All 41 adult male passengers signed

- Pledged themselves to unite as a government and to make and abide by laws that insured the general Good of the Colony

  • Georgia:

- They could imprison debtors (under English law)

- Farms could be no bigger than 500 acres large

- Slavery forbidden

- Later the rules changed and more people came to live there