The Southern Colonies - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Southern Colonies

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  1. The Southern Colonies • Virginia • Main idea: Virginia was the largest and wealthiest English colony and had the first elected government. • Plantation: a large farm on which crops are raised by workers who live on the farm • Many in Virginia: • Rich Soil • Tobacco and rice

  2. The Southern Colonies • Virginia • Plantation workers: • Indentured • servants • Enslaved • Africans

  3. The Southern Colonies • Virginia • Governing the Colony • Legislature: a group of people with the power to make and change laws • House of Burgesses (Representatives) • Who could vote/elect? • Planters and other white men who owned property • Religion p. 203

  4. The Southern Colonies • New Colonies in the South • Main idea: England founded four more colonies in the South during the 1600s and early 1700s • Maryland • CeciliusCalver (Lord Baltimore) wanted to provide a refuge for Catholics • Toleration Act: first law in North America to promise that all Christians could worship freely

  5. The Southern Colonies • The Carolinas • King Charles II started this colony (late 1600s) • North:few harbors; not as good for farming • South: good farmland; many excellent harbors

  6. The Southern Colonies • Georgia • King George II started this colony – (1732) – gave the land to James Oglethorpe • Oglethrope wanted the colony to be a place for poor people and debtors • He offered a free trip to Georgia and small farms of their own – to start a new life! • His rules: • No drinking alcohol • No owning slaves • Elect their own legislature