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Memory PowerPoint Presentation

Memory

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Memory

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  1. Memory Chapter Review

  2. Process by which we retain and recall something learned or experienced.

  3. What is memory?

  4. Identify four parts of the brain were memory is stored. (lecture)

  5. Hippocampus Amygdala Frontal Lobes/Cortex Cerebellum

  6. Photographic memory is also called • Eidetic memory • Confabulation • Mnemonic memory • Recall

  7. A. Eidetic memory

  8. The three memory process are …

  9. Encoding, storage, and retrieval

  10. Items in your mind at any given moment are in ___memory.

  11. Short term

  12. Skills make use of ____memory.

  13. Procedural

  14. Psychologists refer to auditory sensory memory as ___

  15. Echoic memory

  16. Psychologists refer to visual sensory memory as______

  17. Iconic memory

  18. Which of the following describes your ability to identify the name of your first grade teacher in a newspaper article? • Confabulation • Selective attention • Recognition • recall

  19. C; Recognition

  20. Psychologist George Miller discovered that short-term memory is limited to about ___ • Seven items • 10 words • One hour • 14 numbers

  21. A; seven items

  22. Short term memory • Lasts without rehearsal • Lasts about one minute • Lasts about one-half second • Has a limited capacity.

  23. D; has a limited capacity

  24. Repeating information to yourself to keep information in short term memory for more than a few seconds is called _________.

  25. Maintenance rehearsal

  26. Which of the following does NOT result in forgetting? • Decay • Repression • Interference • confabulation

  27. D; Confabulation

  28. When old memories are blocked by new material, a person is experience _____________.

  29. proactive interference

  30. When you ____information, you transform it so the nervous system can process it.

  31. encode

  32. Short term memory capacity is increased when we break the info down into parts. This is called ______________.

  33. Chunking

  34. Subconsciously blocking memories of an embarrassing or frightening experience is called___________.

  35. Repression

  36. HOMES (an acronym for the five Great Lakes) is an example of this.

  37. Mnemonic device

  38. Two types of Long Term Memory are…

  39. Implicit vs. Explicit Memory And • Procedural vs. Declarative

  40. __________memory is our memory of our own life, such as when you woke up this morning. Stored here are personal things where time of occurrence is important.

  41. Episodic

  42. ____________consists of permanent storage of learned skills that does not require conscious recollection.

  43. Procedural

  44. Our knowledge of language, including its rules, words, and meanings is stored in __________.

  45. Semantic memory

  46. When we need to retrieve information we learned a long time ago and haven’t rehearsed lately, we can relearn the information more quickly. This is called _____________.

  47. Relearning.

  48. When a person remembers information that was never stored in memory.

  49. confabulation

  50. When you remember items at the beginning and end of a list or story, it is called __________effect.