Chapter 7The Southern Colonies Lesson 2 SOUTHERN PLANTATIONS Pages 241-245
QUICK SUMMARY • This lesson examines large plantations in the Southern Colonies. Trinkets from Europe
OBJECTIVES • Explain the geographic factors that influenced the development of plantations in the Southern Colonies. Savannah 1734
OBJECTIVES • Explain the economic patterns of early European settlers and the plantation system of the Southern Colonies. Governor’s House, Williamsburg, VA
SECTION REVIEW PG. 242 • Why were the earliest plantations usually built in the southern tidewater? • Because the soil is rich there and the many waterways made it early for boats to get crops to market.
SECTION REVIEW PG. 243 • Why did some people come to the colonies as indentured servants? • Some were sent by English courts to work in the colonies as punishment for crimes. Others were kidnapped and sold in the colonies against their will. Equiano
PICTURE PG 242-243 • How were plantations self-sufficient? • Workers on the plantations made or grew almost everything that was needed to survive on a plantation.
SECTION REVIEW PG. 245 • How were children of planters educated? • Some plantations had their own schools for the planters’ children or hired teachers form Europe. Later, the planters’ sons might go to Europe in order to complete their education. Girl’s sampler
SUMMARIZE KEY CONTENT • Plantations grew as planters cleared land to grow more cash crops. • As plantations grew, planters needed additional workers, such as indentured servants and slaves, to farm the land.
SUMMARIZE KEY CONTENT • Enslaved Africans brought work on plantation were given little freedom and few rights. • Many southern planters were active in public service and became colonial leaders.
LESSON 7.2 REVIEW • GENERALIZE What was the life of a planter like? • Planters ran the business of the plantation and also took care of the people living there.
LESSON 7.2 REVIEW • 1 BIG IDEA How did southern plantations change as planters added more workers? • Plantations grew, more crops were produced, and slaves replaced indentured servants as workers.
LESSON 7.2 REVIEW • 2 VOCABULARY Use the terms planter and tidewater to describe the plantation economy. • Planters built plantations on the tidewater because the soil was rich and the waterways made trading easier.
LESSON 7.2 REVIEW • CULTURE Why were spirituals important to enslaved people? • Spirituals helped enslaved people deal with hardships.
LESSON 7.2 REVIEW • 4 CRITICAL THINKING—Analyze What were the consequences of modifying the land to grow tobacco? • Planters had to keep clearing more land because crops such as tobacco ruined fertile soil in only a few years.
LESSON 7.2 REVIEW • PERFORMANCE—Write a Diary Entry Suppose that you are living on a plantation in colonial times. Take on a role, and write an entry in a diary to show what a day on the plantation is like. Share your entry with a classmate