language n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Language PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Language

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 14

Language - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 83 Views
  • Uploaded on

Language. One of the oldest and complex culture traits on earth. A systematic way of Communicating:. Signs Symbols Gestures Marks Vocal Sounds. History. In prehistoric past there were around 10,000 different languages. Now there are between 5,000 and 7,000

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Language' - kenny


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
language

Language

One of the oldest and complex culture traits on earth.

a systematic way of communicating
A systematic way of Communicating:

Signs

Symbols

Gestures

Marks

Vocal Sounds

history
History
  • In prehistoric past there were around 10,000 different languages.
  • Now there are between 5,000 and 7,000
  • Africa and Asia are the most linguistic rich continents. Why do you think this is?
  • (Rugged terrain and social customs limit interaction
language families
All languages belong to a language family
  • A collection of many languages, all which come from the same original tongue, but have evolved different characteristics
  • Depending on history, they can sound very different
Language Families
indo european
Indo-European

*50% of the world speak this

*Dominant in: Europe, Russia, North and South America, Australia, India and Southwest Asia

*Includes: Germanic, Celtic, Romance, Slavic

sino tibetan family
Sino- Tibetan Family

*20% of the world

*Mostly SE Asia & China

*Includes: Japanese, Mandarin Chinese (#1), Tibetan, Korean

others
OTHERS:
  • Final 30% of the world speak:
    • Afro-Asiatic
    • Niger-Congo
    • Altaic
    • Austronesian
dialects
Dialects
  • Geographically distinct versions of a single language
  • Why? Because of the history, social, & geographic differences
  • Example:
  • English
  • Recognized through Accents
  • Different words:
    • American South: Y’all
    • Australian: “mates”
language diffusion
Language Diffusion
  • Occurs when migration, trade, war, or some other event exposes one group of people to the language of another
  • Result: A word with parts of each language
  • German: Hausfrau = Housewife
official languages
Official Languages
  • Language in which all government business takes place
  • Canada: Quebec: Language dispute between French and English
extinction
Extinction

Language Extinction

Cultural Extinction:

Whole culture is wiped out due to war or disease

Reviving of some: Celtic in Scotland; Hebrew after WWII in Isreal

  • No longer in use by any living people
  • Causes: Colonialism; Economic globalization; social and economic pressures
literacy
Literacy
  • Ability to read and write
  • Varies
    • U.S. 95%
    • Niger: Men—24% and Women—less than 9%
    • Tool of Oppression by some governments, lack of money
linguist beliefs
Linguist Beliefs
  • Creation of agricultural societies, alphabet and record keeping is what allows dominance of specific language.
  • Literacy is the critical tool that explains why UK, France, USA have such a dramatic impact on the languages spoken today.