Memory is important for information processing, particularly when we rely on our previous experiences It is important in determining the motor programme chosen to send information to the muscles Memory can be divided into three components : Short term sensory store - stss
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It is important in determining the motor programme chosen to send information to the muscles
Memory can be divided into three components:
Short term sensory store - stss
Short term memory - stm
Long term memory - ltmMEMORY
ASSOCIATION/ LINKING – new information should be linked with that previously learned eg. Sports specific skills linked with fundamental motor skills – javelin throw linked with overarm throw
SIMPLICITY – new information should be kept simple, more complex information can be added later. Avoid teaching similar skills at the same time as they may interfere with each other.
ORGANISATION – eg. A trampoline sequence should be earned in the order the movements will be performed
IMAGERY – a mental picture aids memory. Demonstrating skills alows a performer to create an image of the movement
MEANINGFUL – if the learner considers information relevant it is more likely to be remembered
CHUNKING – items of information are more easily remembered if grouped together
UNIQUENESS – if information is presented in an unusual or different way it is more likely to be remembered
ENJOYMENT – if the learner is having fun the experience is more likely to be remembered
POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT – praise and encouragement when learning can aid retention. This can also be motivational and includes rewards such as badges and certificatesStrategies to improve retention and retrieval