Memory. Maintenance Rehearsal. Long-term memory. Sensory Memory. Working or Short-term Memory. Encoding. Attention. Sensory Input. Retrieval. Stage Model of Memory. Maintenance Rehearsal. Long-term memory. Sensory Memory. Working or Short-term Memory. Encoding.
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The senses momentarily register
A few items are both noticed
Some items are altered or lost
Retrieval from long-term memory
Depending on interference, retrieval
cues, moods, and motives, some
things get retrieved, some don’tWhy do we forget?
– When conditions of retrieval are similar to conditions of encoding, retrieval is more likely to be successful
– You are more likely to remember things if the conditions under which you recall them are similar to the conditions under which you learned them
“About how fast were the cars going
when they smashed into each other?”
Memory constructionLoftus Experiment
Even though you’ve seen thousands of pennies, you’ve probably never looked at one closely to encode specific features
Undesired memory is held back form awareness
percentage of information
Interval between original learning of nonsense syllables and memory testDecay Theories