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Latin Grammar

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  1. Latin Grammar nōnne īdem, eadem, idem nēmo (Grammar 3C, pp. 173-74)

  2. nōnne

  3. nōnne • Languages typically have ways to indicate that a yes or a no answer is expected when a question is asked. • These questions in English expect a yes answer: Don’t you like pizza? You like pizza, don’t you? tag question

  4. nōnne • In Latin, nōnneis put at the beginning of a sentence that expects a yes answer nōnnemēamās? Don’t you love me? Surely you love me? You love me, don’t you?

  5. tag questions… • Yes—No—Yes You love me, don’t you? Yes, I do. Yes Yes No

  6. tag questions… • Yes—No—Yes You will come, won’t you? Yes, I will. Yes Yes No

  7. nōnne nōnneBacchidemuīdistī? You saw Bacchis, didn’t you? (Yes, I did) Yes Yes No

  8. īdem, eadem, idem

  9. īdem, eādem, idem • The latin word for the same is īdem, eadem, idem. • In English, we think of the word same as an adjective. • In Latin, it is treated as a demonstrative, and is a fifth Latin demonstrative. • hic, haec, hoc • iste, ista, istud • ille, illa, illud • is, ea, id • īdem, eadem, idem

  10. īdem, eadem, idem • It’s easy to form. • Unfortunately, the nominative singular just has to be memorized: īdem, eadem, idem • The remaining forms are just the forms ofis, ea, id, with the suffix –dem added. • There’s just one problem…

  11. īdem, eadem, idem • Romans didn’t like the combination –md- • So, wherever you would wind up with –md- from adding -dem to is, ea, id, the –md- changes to –nd-. eum+ dem = eundem eam+ dem = eandem eōrum+ dem = eōrundem eārum+ dem = eārundem

  12. īdem, eadem, idem

  13. nēmo

  14. nēmo= no one, nobody • How do you say no one in Latin? • The easiest thing to do is to usenūllus, -a, -um nullus = no one

  15. nēmo • But the Romans actually preferred to use the word nēmo. nē + homo = nēmo

  16. nēmo • nēmō exists only in the singular, but it declines just like the regular third-declension consonant-stem homo, hominis, m. & f.

  17. nēmo • In the genitive and ablative, Latin tends to use forms of nūllus, -a, -um instead of nēmo.