Latin Grammar nōnne īdem, eadem, idem nēmo (Grammar 3C, pp. 173-74)
nōnne • Languages typically have ways to indicate that a yes or a no answer is expected when a question is asked. • These questions in English expect a yes answer: Don’t you like pizza? You like pizza, don’t you? tag question
nōnne • In Latin, nōnneis put at the beginning of a sentence that expects a yes answer nōnnemēamās? Don’t you love me? Surely you love me? You love me, don’t you?
tag questions… • Yes—No—Yes You love me, don’t you? Yes, I do. Yes Yes No
tag questions… • Yes—No—Yes You will come, won’t you? Yes, I will. Yes Yes No
nōnne nōnneBacchidemuīdistī? You saw Bacchis, didn’t you? (Yes, I did) Yes Yes No
īdem, eādem, idem • The latin word for the same is īdem, eadem, idem. • In English, we think of the word same as an adjective. • In Latin, it is treated as a demonstrative, and is a fifth Latin demonstrative. • hic, haec, hoc • iste, ista, istud • ille, illa, illud • is, ea, id • īdem, eadem, idem
īdem, eadem, idem • It’s easy to form. • Unfortunately, the nominative singular just has to be memorized: īdem, eadem, idem • The remaining forms are just the forms ofis, ea, id, with the suffix –dem added. • There’s just one problem…
īdem, eadem, idem • Romans didn’t like the combination –md- • So, wherever you would wind up with –md- from adding -dem to is, ea, id, the –md- changes to –nd-. eum+ dem = eundem eam+ dem = eandem eōrum+ dem = eōrundem eārum+ dem = eārundem
nēmo= no one, nobody • How do you say no one in Latin? • The easiest thing to do is to usenūllus, -a, -um nullus = no one
nēmo • But the Romans actually preferred to use the word nēmo. nē + homo = nēmo
nēmo • nēmō exists only in the singular, but it declines just like the regular third-declension consonant-stem homo, hominis, m. & f.
nēmo • In the genitive and ablative, Latin tends to use forms of nūllus, -a, -um instead of nēmo.