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Latin Grammar

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  1. Latin Grammar iste, ista, istud quīdam, quaedam, quoddam (Grammar 4A, pp. 197-98)

  2. Demonstratives • The verb dēmōnstrōin Latin means to point out. • Demonstratives are words that point, • like this or that in English. this dog that dog

  3. Demonstratives • Your book is now formally introducing the demonstrative iste, ista, istud.

  4. Demonstratives • In English, this is used for things near the first person; that is used for things near the second or third person.

  5. Third Person This dog. That dog. Second Person First Person

  6. Latin Demonstratives and English Demonstratives • So English has two demonstratives: • this for things near the first person • that for things near the second person and third person. • Latin has THREE demonstratives that are used like English this and that. • hic, haec, hoc for things near the first person • iste, ista, istud for things near the second person • ille, illa, illudfor things near the third person.

  7. iste, ista, istud

  8. Third Person istecanis. hic canis. illecanis. First Person Second Person

  9. Facts to Know • hic, haec, hoc is the demonstrative of the first person • iste, ista, istudis the demonstrative of the second person • ille, illa, illudis the demonstrative of the third person.

  10. quīdam, quaedam, quoddam • In the grammar for 4A, you are introduced to an important word, quīdam, quaedam, quoddam.

  11. quīdam, quaedam, quoddam • quīdam, quaedam, quoddamis an adjective that is usually translated a certain or certain. seruusquīdam = a certain slave seruaequaedam = certain women mīlitemquendamuīdī = I saw a certain soldier

  12. quīdam, quaedam, quoddam • In Latin, when a new character or thing is mentioned for the first time, it often is accompanied by a form of quīdam, quaedam, quoddam.

  13. quīdam, quaedam, quoddam • If you remember how to decline qui, auae, quod (the interrogative adjective), it’s easy to decline quīdam, quaedam, quoddam. • It’s just quī, quae, quod + dam. • Of course, m turns to n before d.

  14. quīdam, quaedam, quoddam • One final thing: • According to the rules you just learned, the neuter nominative and accusative singular of quīdam, quaedam, quoddamshould be quoddam. • However, sometimes you will see the form quiddam in place of quoddam.