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Ancient Rome. The Organizers. Roman Art. Philosophy: Efficiency, organization, practicality Art Forms: Mosaics, realistic wall paintings, idealized civic sculpture Most Famous Building: Pantheon Signature City: Rome Role Model: Greece Major Contributions: Law, engineering, and cement.

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ancient rome

Ancient Rome

The Organizers

roman art
Roman Art
  • Philosophy: Efficiency, organization, practicality
  • Art Forms: Mosaics, realistic wall paintings, idealized civic sculpture
  • Most Famous Building: Pantheon
  • Signature City: Rome
  • Role Model: Greece
  • Major Contributions: Law, engineering, and cement
the legacy of rome
The Legacy of Rome
  • Roman architects used Greek forms but developed new construction techniques:
    • Arch: to span greater distances than the Greek post and lintel
    • Other Roman contributions:
      • Basilica: an oblong building with semicircular apses on either end-used as a meeting place
      • Barrel Vault: deep arch forming a half cylindrical roof
      • Groin Vault: two intersecting barrel vaults at the same height that form a right angle. (See page 125)
is it greek or roman
Is it Greek or Roman?

The Pantheon, A.D. 118-125, Rome.

The domed rotunda of the Pantheon illustrates the Roman architect’s ability to enclose space.

See page 135 text

is it greek or roman1
Is it Greek or Roman?
  • Parthenon, 448-432 B.C., AthensThe Parthnon’s triangular pediment and columned portico show classic Greek temple format.
is it greek or is it roman greek roman art architecture are often confused
Greeks

Temples to glorify gods

Walls made of stone blocks

Rectangular, straight lines

Post and lintel support

Idealized god sculpture

Stylized figures floating in space in Paintings

Mythology subject of art

Roman

Civic buildings to honor Empire (baths, forums)

Walls of concrete with ornamental facings

Circles, curved lines

Rounded arch & vault support

Realistic human beings sculpture

Realistic images with perspective

Civic leaders; military triumphs

Is it Greek or is it Roman?Greek & Roman art & architecture are often confused.
roman architecture vaulting ambition
Roman Architecture: Vaulting Ambition
  • Besides Roman Law, another one of Rome’s most valuable contributions was: Architecture and Engineering
  • Roman Builders developed: the arch, the vault, the dome and pioneered the creative use of concrete
  • Their engineering skills allowed immense covering of interior space without inner support.
rome s wealth
Rome’s Wealth
  • Rome became incredibly rich due to their conquerings.
    • Nero’s palace “The Golden House”
      • Most opulent residence in antiquity
      • Featured Banquet room with perfume sprinklers
      • Domed Revolving Roof for guests to view constellations.

Nero’s Palace

romans loved baths
Romans Loved Baths!
  • The more extravagant the better!
  • Baths of Caracalla
    • Where capacity crowds of 1600 bathed in pools of varying water temperatures.
roman sculpture politics as usual
Roman Sculpture: Politics as Usual
  • Romans copied the Greeks until gradually they developed their own style.
  • Generally, Roman sculpture was more literal.
    • Wax death masks of ancestors adorned their homes. They were realistic and completely factual & had a large influence on sculptors.
an exception to rule
An Exception to Rule. . .
  • Was the assembly line production of god-like busts of emperors, politicians and military leaders that established a political presence throughout Europe.
    • During Rome’s decline, portrait busts reverted to brutal honesty. . .
          • See pages 143, 144, 145for other examples

Marcus Aurelius, A.D. 165, Rome. He was a Stoic philosopher who detested war. Sculptor reflects his gentleness.

narrative relief
Narrative Relief
  • Another principle form of Roman sculpture.
  • Column of Trajan, 650 ft. long relief, commemorating mass slaughter in 150+scenes.
  • Panels of sculpted figures decorated triumphal arches depicting victorious armies.

The Column of Trajan, 106-113 AD

the colosseum
The Colosseum
  • Still one of the world’s largest buildings in terms of sheer mass & the inspiration for present day stadiums.
  • Used for large scale public entertainment.
  • Opening act: Naval Battle Scene (300 cast)
  • Other Acts: Starving Lions, Man vs. Bear, etc.
pompeii a city turned to carbon
Pompeii: A City Turned to Carbon
  • A luxury resort community, Pop.25000 - 79AD
  • Destroyed by Mt. Vesuvius eruption
    • Was covered & forgotten for 1700 years . . . Preserved!
pompeii findings
Pompeii Findings
  • Scientific excavation disclosed whole villas in which every wall was painted with realistic still lifes and landscapes and make believe windows
  • Style: immitations of colored marble to trompe l’oeil
  • Mastery of tricks of perspective, light and shadow… and mosaics.
mural paintings on or near site
Mural Paintings On or Near Site

Mural Paintings:

Executed in Buon Fresco but with small amounts of wax added to increase shine.

Created illusions of framed art

Narrative Order Scenes

View of the Frescos at the Villa of the Mysteries near Pompeii, 65-50 BC (pg.146 text)

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