Ancient Rome. The Organizers. Roman Art. Philosophy: Efficiency, organization, practicality Art Forms: Mosaics, realistic wall paintings, idealized civic sculpture Most Famous Building: Pantheon Signature City: Rome Role Model: Greece Major Contributions: Law, engineering, and cement.
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The Pantheon, A.D. 118-125, Rome.
The domed rotunda of the Pantheon illustrates the Roman architect’s ability to enclose space.
See page 135 text
Temples to glorify gods
Walls made of stone blocks
Rectangular, straight lines
Post and lintel support
Idealized god sculpture
Stylized figures floating in space in Paintings
Mythology subject of art
Civic buildings to honor Empire (baths, forums)
Walls of concrete with ornamental facings
Circles, curved lines
Rounded arch & vault support
Realistic human beings sculpture
Realistic images with perspective
Civic leaders; military triumphsIs it Greek or is it Roman?Greek & Roman art & architecture are often confused.
Marcus Aurelius, A.D. 165, Rome. He was a Stoic philosopher who detested war. Sculptor reflects his gentleness.
The Column of Trajan, 106-113 AD
Executed in Buon Fresco but with small amounts of wax added to increase shine.
Created illusions of framed art
Narrative Order Scenes
View of the Frescos at the Villa of the Mysteries near Pompeii, 65-50 BC (pg.146 text)