170 likes | 435 Views
ANCIENT ROME. ROME’S BEGINNINGS. The Capitoline Wolf sculpture depicts a she-wolf suckling Romulus and Remus, Rome's legendary founders. Now a symbol of Rome. Legends.
E N D
ROME’SBEGINNINGS The Capitoline Wolf sculpture depicts a she-wolf suckling Romulus and Remus, Rome's legendary founders. Now a symbol of Rome.
Legends Much of Rome’s early history comes from legends. The legends may not be totally accurate but are useful in giving the qualities and values the early Romans admired.
Romulus Founder of Rome in 753 BCE First of seven kings Started Rome’s first army and government
Numa Pompilius Rome’s second king Brought peace to Rome Founded Rome’s religion
Etruscans Rome’s powerful neighbors to the north from Etruria Were wealthy traders Controlled Rome from 575 – 509 BCE Gave the Romans their alphabet and the “arch” Rome becomes a walled city with paved roads Built Circus Maximus, Temple of Jupiter, Cloaca Maxima
Tarquin the Proud Seventh and last king Was cruel and terrorized his people Ignored the Senate 509 BCE Romans rebel and send him into exile
Rome was a city-state in Italy 2)Rome’s climate is a Mediterranean climate with summers being hot and dry and winters being wet and mild
3) known as Latins, spoke Latin, were herders and farmers, harvested wheat, grapes, and olives
4) Etruscan city-states were to the north of Rome and south of Rome were Greek colonies
Built on hills – made it hard to attack On Tiber River – transportation route, resources 15 miles from the sea – safe from others’ navies and storms Center of Italy – could easily get to other places in Italy and in the Mediterranean
Mare Nostrum means “our sea” – eventually Rome controls all of the lands around the Mediterranean Sea