Ancient Rome Geography, Government, Society and Change!
Review • What are three accomplishments of the Early Romans? • What were two problems in Early Rome? • What could have lead to the fall of Rome?
Change from Within • Government Reform • Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus • the poor should be given grain and small plots of free land. • Do you think most people would agree with their ideas? Who would or wouldn’t? • Military Reform • Gaius Marius • recruited an army from the poorand homeless. • professional standing army.
Augustus the 1st Roman Emperor “We shall expand our empire!” Creating an Empire
Religion: The Changes Being • Religion in Rome • Gods/goddesses resembled Greek and Etruscan deities • Statues and temples were built throughout Rome • Many festivals were held to honour the deities • Introduction of Others • As the Empire grew, different cultures and religions existed within the Emprie • What might be the problem of this?
Extending Control • Rome uses its large army to conquer much of the Mediterranean
Withstanding Attacks • As the Empire grew, it was harder to protect
The Fall of Rome:Forces of Change • The Forces of Change • Internal Forces of Change • Those which come from inside • External Forces of Change • Those which come from outside • Activity • Read the reasons on the bottom of page 11 • State whether each reason provided is internal or external. Explain why.
Ticket to Leave • Write a short paragraph on one of the following topics: • The Roman Empire was not as advanced as many believe • The Roman Empire was its own worst enemy • Without the Roman Empire we might not be as civilized as we are today