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Ancient Rome

Ancient Rome

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Ancient Rome

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Ancient Rome The Roman Empire

  2. The Government • 27 BC - AD 180: The Pax Romana – “Roman Peace”, period of peace and prosperity • Roman Empire: 3 million square miles,60-80 million people • Emperor has TOTAL control – overseas all decisions • Senate still “functioning” – but empire is actually administered by civil servants • Efficient civil service – manages all government affairs • grain supply, tax collection, and the postal service

  3. Economy • Based on . . . • agriculture, 90% of the population participated in farming • Trade – used to obtain luxury items for the wealthy and additional food when needed • Denarius – uniform silver coin money used to trade throughout the empire

  4. Infrastructure • Roads – linked the empire to Persia and Russia • Built for and by . . . • the Roman army for military purposes • Encouraged . . . • cultural diffusion between Rome and the rest of the world • Aqueducts – designed by Roman engineers to bring water into cities and towns

  5. Citizenship • Men of provinces were NOT citizens, BUT . . . were still required to send troops for the Roman army • Learned Roman customs while in the army – brought those ideas back to their province after their duty had ended

  6. Rulers and Succession • Always potential for . . . enemies to challenge for power • Augustus dies 14 AD/CE – Tiberius takes control, empire is strong and his leadership results in no major changes • Three Bad Emperors (37 to 96 AD/CE) –Caligula, Nero, and Domitian • Five Good Emperors (96 to 180 AD/CE) –Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, and Marcus Aurelias

  7. Bad Emperors (37-96 AD) • Caligula • Nero • Domitian

  8. Good Emperors • Nerva • Trajan • Hadrian • Antoninus Pius • Marcus Aurelias

  9. Culture in the Empire • wealth and social status distinguished how people lived • Majority . . . • of Rome was unemployed • Government had to . . . • ration grain • Fire . . . • was a constant threat

  10. Gladiator Games • To distract and entertain people

  11. Coliseum

  12. Christianity Emerges