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Ancient Rome - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Ancient Rome
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  1. Ancient Rome Visual Vocabulary Unit 14 Tan=left Black=Right

  2. Republic • A government created in Rome where the people elect leaders to govern them

  3. Dictators • Rulers with almost absolute power

  4. Plebeians • The group of common people or peasants in Rome who were calling for changing the government where they had more of a say in how the city was run.

  5. patricians • Roman nobles who ran the government. Only they could be elected to office, so they help all political power

  6. Aeneas • A hero of Rome during the Trojan War who helped destroy Troy

  7. Romulus and Remus • Brothers who are believed to be the founders of Rome

  8. Cincinnatus • One of Rome’s most famous dictators who was a farmer. The Romans chose him to be the leader to protect from invaders. After leading Rome to victory, he resigned and returned to farming.

  9. Magistrates • Government officials who were elected

  10. Consuls • The title of the two most powerful magistrates

  11. Roman Senate • A council of wealthy and powerful Romans that advised the city’s leader.

  12. veto • To prohibit actions by other officials

  13. Latin • The language in Ancient Rome

  14. checks and balances • A method of balancing power

  15. Legions • A group of up to 6,000 soldiers

  16. Punic Wars • A serious of wars against Carthage, a city in northern Africa

  17. Hannibal • Considered to be one of greatest generals. Started the 2nd Punic War and became the leader of Carthage.

  18. Gaius Marius • A consul of the Roman army who encouraged poor people to join the army. Before only people who owned property could fight.

  19. Lucius Cornelius Sulla • A consul who had conflicts with Marius that leads to a civil war in Rome. Defeated Marius and makes himself dictator of Rome who used power to punish enemies

  20. Spartacus • Former gladiator who rises up to demanded freedom. Is killed in battle and revolt ends

  21. Gladiators • a person, often a slave or captive, who was armed with a sword or other weapon and forced to fight to the death in a public arena against another person or a wild animal, for the entertainment of the spectators.