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EVERYTHING EGYPT. 6CASTALDO 2014. Fast Facts Family Mother: Nefertiti’s mother was Tiy, the Royal Nurse for the pharaoh and his family. Father: Aye/Ay (there were different spellings) was the Grand Vizier of Ancient Egypt.

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Everything egypt




  • Fast Facts

  • Family

    Mother: Nefertiti’s mother was Tiy, the Royal Nurse for the pharaoh and his family.

    Father: Aye/Ay (there were different spellings) was the Grand Vizier of Ancient Egypt.

    Sibling: Nefertiti had a sister- Mutbenret. There is, however, a theory that Mutbenret was identical to the wife of the pharaoh Horemheb.


By: Andrea Tobing



The Great Royal Wife

Remember: Polytheism is the belief in many gods



The Great Royal Wife

Hieroglyphics Amenhotep’s name was Akhenaten.

  • Symbols that Ancient Egyptians used

  • Symbols represented different things

  • Created 3500 BCE

  • Extinct 394 CE

Everything egypt

History Amenhotep’s name was Akhenaten.

There were over 700 Hieroglyphics

Scribes were the people who could write Hieroglyphics

There was a shorter form of Hieroglyphics, called hieratic

They were also called “The words of the Gods”


  • Hieroglyphics was the key to understanding Ancient Egypt

  • In 1799, Napoleon’s Army found something called the Rosetta Stone

  • The Rosetta Stone was an artifact that had 3 languages on it: Greek, Demotic, and Hieroglyphics

  • They all said the same message

  • So if you could read one language, you could read the others

  • In 1822, a man named Jean Francois Champollion decoded Hieroglyphics

  • From him, we know a lot about Ancient Egypt


Tombs Amenhotep’s name was Akhenaten.

Tombs were for the wealthy

Tombs help them pass to the afterlife

The tombs have all their belongings

The Egyptian tombs were in pyramids

The coffins would be located in the tombs inside the pyramid

They were mummified in the coffins

Tombs Amenhotep’s name was Akhenaten.

Some tombs have not been touched for 3000years

Tombs have great leaders in them

Their mummified bodies housed in coffins where preserved in the tombs for 1000s of years

Romans also used tombs just like the Egyptians to bury the dead

Some tombs were raided since these chambers contained expensive belongings from great leaders to be carried to the afterlife

Tombs stopped being built during the Renaissance

The sphinx
The Sphinx Amenhotep’s name was Akhenaten.

A sphinx is a mythical creature with the head of a man and a body of a lion. The most famous sphinx is The Great Sphinx. It’s just like every other Ancient Egyptian sphinx, only huge. The Great Sphinx of Giza is believed to be the most immense, surviving stone sculpture of Ancient Egypt. It is the most massive sphinx, out of hundreds, in Egypt.

The Great Sphinx

The most famous out of all the sphinxes.

240 feet (73 m) long, 66 feet (20 m) high, and 20 feet (6 m) wide.

Was carved down, not built.

Everything egypt

The Amenhotep’s name was Akhenaten. Great Sphinx of Giza

  • Quick Facts

  • The face of The Great Sphinx is believed to be pharaoh Khafre.

  • The Great Sphinx is at least 4500 years old!.

  • Thought to have been painted.


The Great Sphinx of Giza is made of limestone bedrock. It was a good material to carve from because it was nice and hard, helping it last for years to come. Even so, The Great Sphinx isn’t exactly what you would call “good as new”. Years of weathering and erosion have taken its toll on the Sphinx. That might explain why it’s missing a nose!

Egyptian women mistress of the house
Egyptian Women: “Mistress of the House” Amenhotep’s name was Akhenaten.

By: Julie Sung 6C


  • Noblewomen could become priestesses and government officials.

  • Rarely there were women that became pharaohs.

  • Lower class women could become artisans.

  • Peasant women could be nannies for upper class children.

  • Peasant women could also be domestic servants to the upper class and personal attendants to a noblewoman.

Daily Life:

  • Few women worked full-time.

  • Women were expected to be a good daughter when young, and a good mother and wife when older.

  • Women were equal to men, but not as powerful.

  • Women had more power and freedom than other women in different times.

  • Women were in charge of household affairs.

  • Noblewomen were highly respected and enjoyed freedom and continuity.

Egyptian women
Egyptian Women Amenhotep’s name was Akhenaten.

Fast Facts

  • Weaving was an important activity for Egyptian women to participate in.

  • Music was an important part of a woman’s religious life.

  • Girls USUALLY got married around the age 12.

  • Women would get custody of her children if she decided to have a divorce.

  • The wife would put 1/3 of the money she made towards her children.

  • Women mostly took care of indoor household activity.

  • Women could remarry when divorced.

  • Woman played harps, lyres, lutes, clapper sticks, hand-held drums, flute-like instruments, and oboe-like instruments.

Senet Amenhotep’s name was Akhenaten.

Senet(The game of passing) was played when someone died.

The game was played because it was believed it would help the person successfully go to the afterlife.

Senet can be seen as a primitive form of chess, since there were 3 rows of 10 squares and figures called spools and cones.

The exact rules are unknown; we can only take our best guess from hieroglyphics.

Senet was usually played after a pharaoh’s passing.

Ancient egyptian hockey
Ancient Egyptian Hockey Amenhotep’s name was Akhenaten.

Ancient Egyptian Hockey was played with palm tree branches bent at end.

The ball was made from papyrus fibers and two pieces of leather.

A referee was used to keep the game going and to keep score.

Tug of hoop
Tug of Hoop Amenhotep’s name was Akhenaten.

Two players were required to play Tug of Hoop.

The players had curved staffs that they used to try to take the hoop from one another.

In order to win this game, it was always crucial that you performed many physical maneuvers.

The hoop was also forbidden in the game to fall on the floor!


Economy Amenhotep’s name was Akhenaten.

Ancient Egyptians used economy to survive.

Ancient egyptian economy
Ancient Egyptian Economy Amenhotep’s name was Akhenaten.

  • Ancient Egyptians used economy to trade food and many types of stuff.

  • They traded stuff so they can survive with food and clothing.

  • Ancient Egyptians also depend there money on a way of trading stuff.

  • They traded stuff like gold, wheat, farms, and many different types of food and clothing.


By:Keith Amenhotep’s name was Akhenaten.Mency


  • The Three pyramids are located in ancient Egypt

  • Today pyramids teach people how ancient Egypt was

  • Did you know that there are about 88 pyramids in ancient Egypt

Everything egypt

Mummification Pharaohs and queens

  • By:Michelle Kazbanov 6-C

What is mummification
What is Mummification? Pharaohs and queens

  • Mummification is the process that dries a corpse that could afford to be mummified

  • The process would take 70 days to finish

  • Mummification steps:

    • Remove all organs

    • Dry all organs

    • Rinse the body with wine spices

    • Cover the body with salt for 40 days (to take out all the moisture)

    • Wrap the body with linen

    • Wrap the body in bandages from head to toe

    • Put the mummy in a sarcophagus (coffin)

Mummification details and extra info
Mummification Details and extra info Pharaohs and queens

  • People used to believe if you would get mummified you would use your coffin in the afterlife

  • The people would put the organs of the mummy in canopic jars

  • There were four canopic jars and each jar had an egyptian god on it, Imesty protected the liver, Qebehsenuf protected the intestines, Hapy protected the lungs, and Duamatef protected the stomach

  • All of those gods were the sons of Horus

  • The poor egyptians were buried in the sand and the rich were buried in tombs

  • But pharaohs were taken into pyramids

  • Some great mummy discoveries that people found were:

    • Ginger, Hatshepsut, King Tutankham ( King Tut), and Ramses II

Everything egypt

Egyptian Religion Information Pharaohs and queens

Egyptian’s Priests had become more powerful since they communicated with the gods and cared for them. Priests also performed funeral rites and taught at schools. Furthermore, they advised the people on problems as well as supervising the artisans and works.

Egyptian’s Religion:

The ancient Egyptian religion had guided every aspect of their lives. It was based on polytheism, which means they worshipped many gods and goddesses. The Egyptians worshipped as many as 2,000 gods and goddesses. Some gods like Amon-Ra were worshipped throughout Egypt. Their gods and goddesses are represented as part human, part animal. Think of a person with animal wings or with a jackal head. Egyptians created temples so the gods could dwell within them. Temples are found everywhere in Egypt. Also, Egyptian cities had special temples devoted to their god/goddesses. Their temples were used by men to communicate with the gods.

Egyptians saw deathas a transitional stage in route to a better life. If they were able to reach the afterlife, they would start a new life and reach their full potential. Egyptians’ bodies were mummified after death and buried with everything necessary to reach the afterlife. This was considered essential to preserve the body.

Everything egypt

Egyptian Gods Pharaohs and queens

Interesting Fact: Since the Egyptians, like the Mesopotamians, didn’t know what caused certain things like flooding, they’d blame the gods and tried different ways to make them happy and in return, bless them.

The Ancient Egyptian sun god Ra is represented by life and rebirth. They had said that once the sun sets, he dies, but gets “reborn” when it rises again. This widely known god eventually gets “morphed” with Amon, the father of gods. The merge made the two gods into one called Amon-Ra.

Osiris is the god of the dead as well as being the ruler of the underworld. He is represented as a mummified man wearing white clothing. He is also the god of resurrection and fertility. Egyptians had believed that he gave them barley which was an important crop.

Horus is Osiris and Isis’s son and also the god of the sky. He is represented with a head of a hawk and the body of a man. This probably was to represent his control of the sky and the fact that they are most of the time shown with a human part. He is well-known for being the protector and ruler of Egypt.

Iris was a protective goddess, and used powerful magical spells to help Egyptians in need. Isis is also the wife Osiris.

Anubis is the god of embalming and the dead. He is represented as a man with a jackal head. Since those are often in the cemeteries, Egyptians believed that he always watched over the dead.

The god of wisdom, learning, writing, and also the patron of scribes is called Thoth. The Egyptians thought that this god was the one who had given them the gift of Hieroglyphics, which is their form of writing.

Sources: Notes on Religion from 3/21/14



Slides by Matthew D. Snyder Enjoy

Egyptian gods and goddesses

  • Ancient Egyptians could not explain nature and creation so they used gods and goddesses as their explanation. As polytheists, the Egyptians with several gods and goddesses responsible for different things, such as life and the afterlife.

  • Ra was the Sun god, riding a chariot during the day

  • Geb , the god of the Earth, caused earthquakes when he laughed.

  • Anubis was the original god of the dead and has

  • the head of a jackal

  • Later, Osiris became the god of the dead

  • Isis was the goddess of magic and the sister of Osiris.

Egyptian Gods and Goddesses


Image from: http://ancientegyptonline.co.uk/images/Anubis4.jpg

More egyptian gods and goddesses

  • Tefnut they used gods and goddesses as their explanation. As polytheists, the Egyptians with several gods and goddesses responsible for different things, such as life and the afterlife.was Ra’s daughter, the goddess of air

  • Shu was a son of Ra, the god of the space between heaven & earth

  • Hapi was the god of the Nile River & responsible for annual flooding

  • Set was the god of violence, the desert & of storms

  • Horus was the sky god, fought Set & lost his left eye

  • That left eye is the Egyptian symbol of healing and restoration

  • The prescription symbol comes from the eye of Horus

More Egyptian Gods and Goddesses

Image of Eye of Horus RX from http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_d3Tzjzhz9V8/TMuQSjxB9LI/AAAAAAAABlY/S56QmiuF44g/s400/Eye_of_Horus_Prescription.png

Myths of ancient egypt

Myths of Ancient Egypt they used gods and goddesses as their explanation. As polytheists, the Egyptians with several gods and goddesses responsible for different things, such as life and the afterlife.

Created by: Jason Kim

Battle between seth and horus
Battle between Seth and Horus they used gods and goddesses as their explanation. As polytheists, the Egyptians with several gods and goddesses responsible for different things, such as life and the afterlife.

This tale begins when a young boy named Horus avenges a god named Seth who took over a territory which belongs to Horus.

When he Egyptians explain these myths to different people at different places, they say the myth in a different story.

Studies say that when these myths were told, there were no explanations if the Ancient Egyptians thought that these were humorous or serious.

Myths of eye of horus
Myths of Eye of Horus they used gods and goddesses as their explanation. As polytheists, the Egyptians with several gods and goddesses responsible for different things, such as life and the afterlife.

- The Eye of Horus is lost during the war between Horus and Seth. Horus loses his right eye and a moon god named Thoth restores this lost eye and is was given a name like something wholesome or healthy.

- Each piece of the Eye of Horus was given a specific fraction of what it represents such as taste is 1/32 percent.

- In other myths, they say that the right eye of Horus was torn out and the solar eclipse was occurring like the sun was momentarily blocked by the sky.

Warfare and conflict

WARFARE they used gods and goddesses as their explanation. As polytheists, the Egyptians with several gods and goddesses responsible for different things, such as life and the afterlife.ANDCONFLICT

Back then Egypt wasn’t that peaceful due to fighting over the Nile river for water.

Most Egyptians caused warfare to expand their lands or gain more power.

(List of weapons they used in warfare)







-bows and arrows, and javelins

(some weapons Egyptians used)

Everything egypt

  • Their was both the upper and lower Egypt had a Conflict between both

  • They had different crowns one was red like a bowl and the other was white like a bowling ball pin

  • both lower and upper kingdom had different customs needs and interests

  • Until one day a man named NARMER MENA joined both Egypt's putting together both hats to show how both Egypt's are equal now

  • The two crowns were united and turned into this>

Pharaoh vizier
Pharaoh & Vizier between both

  • The Pharaoh was believed to be a God on earth and had the most power. He was responsible for making laws and keeping order, ensuring that Egypt was not attacked or invaded by enemies and for keeping the Gods happy

The Vizier was the Pharaoh's chief advisor and was sometimes the High Priest. He was responsible for overseeing all official documents to have his seal of approval. He was also responsible for the supply of food, and the Pharaoh's household.

Nobles priests
Nobles & Priests between both

  • Nobles where wealthy and powerful with lots of land.normally nobles would be born into such large wealth and power but occasionally people traded goods to have surplus of everything so they can sell and have leftovers for themselves.

priests were responsible for keeping the gods happy.they spent there time performing rituals and ceremonies for the god in there temple.

Everything egypt

Jewelry- Male and female Egyptians wore jewelry to show their wealth since only the rich were able to afford gold. They also wore gold jewelry to be more attractive to the gods. Some types of gold jewelry the Egyptians wore are rings, earrings, bracelets, decorated buttons, neck collars and pendants.

Make Up- both men and women wore make up. Mostly black and green eye shadow. Henna dye was used to color their lips, nails, andskin.

Made by: Simone Hodara 6-C

Everything egypt

Egyptians wore light clothes made from linen (linen is made of flax - a plant)

The richer the people were the nicer material they had

Egyptian men wore - a wrap around a skirt that was tied with a belt.

The length depended on the fashion of the time.

Old Kingdom- Short garment

Middle Kingdom- Calf length garment

New Kingdom- Pleated garment

Egyptian women wore –

a full length straight

dress with one or two

shoulder straps

Children wore - they did not were clothing until the age of six

Made by: Simone Hodara 6-C

What was ancient egyptian medicine
What was Ancient Egyptian Medicine? of flax - a plant)

  • Egyptian medicine was thought to be the most successful at the time.

  • Conclusions involved with medicine were thought to be the works of gods, demons, and spirits.

    • Doctors thought these spirits blocked ‘channels’ in the body, creating diseases and tried to unblock them.

  • Doctors knew basic things and gave practical advice, but also gave odd advice that harmed people.

    • For example, some prescriptions contained animal waste.

    • Others were to avoid raw poultry and fish.

Surgery of flax - a plant)

  • Ancient Egyptian doctors never did anything deep inside the body.

    • They did it near the surface.

  • When reasonable, the surgery did work most of the time.

    • Amputees (Cut off)

    • Prosthesis (Artificial device)

      Tools they used:



Treatment care
Treatment/Care of flax - a plant)

  • Egyptians used magic/alchemy, herbs, and prayers to treat patients.

    • Thought religion would banish all evil demons and spirits causing this.

      Used resources such as…


      Ancient Egyptians used this method to classify each injury…

    • Treatable- Dealt with immediately.

    • Contestable- Observed patient without interfering.

    • Untreatable- Doctor will not be involved.

      Egyptians also were very hygienic to be healthy and also because of religion.

    • Egyptians didn’t take good care of their teeth, so they usually had…

    • Wire to connect fallen out teeth.

      They also had ‘braces’ for your feet and such to keep it in place if broken or sprained.

Ebers papyrus
Ebers of flax - a plant) Papyrus

  • Is a piece of papyrus including much information in the medical industry from ancient Egypt.

    • Over 700 remedies.

    • Written in about 1500 B.C.E.

    • 110 Pages!

      Greg Moritz Ebers, a German Egyptologist, discovered the document in Thebes (Luxor), Egypt in 1873-1874.

      Is currently in the library of the University of Leipzig in Germany.

      Written in hieroglyphics, for example…

    • Six vessels reach the soles of our feet.

    • Baldness is caused by four vessels to the head.

The after life
The “After” Life of flax - a plant)

By: William Shin


Date: 3/24/2014

  • Believed to be a continuation of life after bodily death

  • Was considered the greatest honor to live on in death

  • Did not enjoy death, but enjoyed life

  • If living on in death, it would be normal life without the negativity (No death, sicknesses, etc.)

The weighing of the heart
The Weighing of the Heart of flax - a plant)

  • Process of weighing one’s heart against the feather of truth /Ma’at on a golden scale

  • Process done by God of The Underworld; Osiris, assisted by Inpu, God of Death

  • The greatest dishonor; having your heart weigh more than the feather

  • Heart devoured by Amenti, if heavier than Ma’at’s feather

  • Soul cast into an “abyss of non-existence” if the heart is heavier= worst punishment