Egypt By: Leighton Weber, Elizabeth Sanders, Zack Moore, and Sierra Lewis
Important People • Some famous Egyptians are: • AlfedFaray was born in Zagazig, Egypt in 1929. He died in 2005 in London. He was a famous novelist. • Abbas I of Egypt was born in Jeddah, Hejaz in 1812. He was brought up in Egypt. He died in Banha, Egypt in 1859.
Historical Places • The Pyramids of Giza • The Temple of Luxor • The Karnak Temple • Abu Mena • The Temples of Abu Simbel • The Valley of the Kings • The Valley of the Queens • St. Catherine's Monastery • The Egyptian Museum • The Temple of KomOmbo
Rivers and Landforms • Rivers: The Main river in Egypt is the Nile river. • Landforms: Western Desert, Libyan Desert, Valley of the Kings, Aswan Dam, The Peninsula of Sinai.
Natural Resources *Oil and Gas * Gypsum * Iron Ore * Honey * Phosphate *Lime Stone * Manganese * Talc * Zinc * Asbestos
Cooking • The variety of Egyptian recipes is endless. They go back a very long way. As a result of subsequent colonization, foreign influence is somewhat present; especially from the Turkish cuisine (it is understandable after more than 300 years of Turkish presence in Egypt). The "Pashas" living in Cairo mainly employed the natives as help and cooks. Their kitchen doors opened to us with their culinary secrets and, hence, Turkish food became part of ours.
Recipes • March 7th, 2007: Colorful Stuffed Sweet Peppers • July 27th, 2006: Easy Cabbage Salad • February 14, 2006: Cucumber Chickpea Salad • October 31, 2005 Fried Eggs with White Cheese • October 26, 2005: Fried Eggs with Pastrami • October 18, 2005: Toasted Pine Nut Couscous with Garlic Shrimp • October 11, 2005: Milk Chocolate Chip Pumpkin Cake • September 27, 2005: Miriam's Crunchy Chicken Salad • June 6, 2005: SalatitKrumb - Cabbage Salad • May 31, 2005: SaniyitKufta - Baked Minced Beef • May 23, 2005: Ruzz bi-l-khudar - Rice with Vegetables • April 11, 2005: Cucumber-Feta Salsa with Pita Crisps • March 21, 2005: Spiced Oranges and Raisins (Al BurtugalWalZabib Al Mutabal)
Ethnic Groups • Ethnic groups of Eastern Hamitic stock make up about 99% of the population of Egypt; these include Egyptians, Bedouins, and Berbers. They are a product of the intermixture of ancient Egyptians with the invaders of many millennia from various parts of Asia and Africa. The remaining 1% of the population is made up of minorities, including mainly Nubians, Armenians, Greeks, and other Europeans, primarily Italian and French.
Music • Music has been a part of Egyptian culture probably since its beginning. Tomb and temple paintings show a variety of musical instruments in both sacred and secular environments, and many of the dead were buried with instruments. This leads to the thought that music formed an integral part of not only Egyptian rituals, but also daily life and recreation. Sadly, no written pieces of music have survived, and no system of notation is known to have been developed by the ancient Egyptians. It would seem that music in ancient Egypt was, like so many of the arts at that time, passed down from one person to another in a form of "aural" tradition.
Egypt Religion • Egyptologists have been at pains to point out, the religion incorporated a bewildering range of practices, from the worship of the Sun, the Moon and the stars, to Nile worship, animism, fetishism and magic. Nevertheless, modern scholars, yielding to the natural urge to impose order on chaos, have identified the religion as basically a Sun cult, framed against a hotchpotch of coarse, superstitious and primitive beliefs. And this Sun cult, in the eyes of many, was nothing less than a monotheism in which the Sun-god anticipated the One God of the Judaeo-Christian and Islamic religions. In the words of E.A. Wallis Budge, one of the founding fathers of Egyptology.
Holidays • New Year's Day, 1 January; Evacuation Day, 18 June; Revolution Day, 23 July; Armed Forces Day, 6 October; Popular Resistance Day, 24 October; Victory Day, 23 December. Movable holidays include Sham an-Nassim (Breath of Spring), of ancient origin, as well as such Muslim religious holidays as 'Id al-Fitr, 'Id al-'Adha', and the 1st of Muharram (Muslim New Year).
Government • The Egyptian government is Republic. • Hosni Mubarak had been President from 1981, following the assassination of Anwar Sadat, until his resignation in February 2011.
Borders & Climate • Egypt’s borders are: Libya, Sudan, Israel, and Jordan. • Egypt’s climate is very warm, as it is today, and Egyptian dress provided the perfect complement to this warm weather. Both men and women tended to dress very lightly.
Flag • This is Egypt’s flag.
Anthem and Capital * The anthem is The Arab Republic of Egypt Hymn. * The capital is Cairo (Al-Qahira)
Jobs • Cairo is a fascinating window into the contemporary Middle East, the heart of the Islamic world for 1,400 years. It is also a huge, vibrant city, the largest and liveliest city in Africa and the Middle East, with between 16 and 18 million residents.
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