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Political Ideologies . Conservatives v. Liberals. What is an ideology?. 1. Ideology- a system of beliefs and ideals 1. Your own personal beliefs about the way things should be 2. Two main ideologies in the U.S. today: 1. Liberal - Usually support the Democrat Party 2. Conservative

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Political Ideologies

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political ideologies

Political Ideologies

Conservatives v. Liberals

what is an ideology
What is an ideology?

1.Ideology- a system of beliefs and ideals

1. Your own personal beliefs about the way things should be

2. Two main ideologies in the U.S. today:

1. Liberal

- Usually support the Democrat Party

2. Conservative

- Usually support the Republican Party

what s the difference
What’s the Difference?

1. The main disagreement between the two ideologies is the role of gov’t.

  • Conservative-
    • Less gov’t involvement in economy
      • Lower taxes
    • Gov’t enforcement of traditional values
      • Anti-abortion, anti-gay marriage, etc
    • State/local control
  • Liberal-
    • More gov’t involvement in economy
      • Higher taxes
    • Gov’t enforcement of progressive values
      • Pro-abortion, pro-gay marriage, etc
    • Central control
liberal v conservative ideologies
Liberal v. Conservative Ideologies
  • Purpose of Gov’t
    • C: Ensure basic rights; allow individual freedom
    • L: Protect and assist individual, by intervention if needed
  • The Individual
    • C: Protect, but don’t interfere
    • L: Gov’t and individuals are partners
  • Economics
    • C: Low taxes, minimal gov’t involvement in economy
    • L: Higher taxes, some gov’t regulation of economy
  • Foreign Relations
    • C: Pursue our country’s best interests
    • L: Cooperate closely with other countries and the U.N.
  • Aid to the Poor
    • C: Provide opportunities, but do not give handouts
    • L: Directly help the poor and disadvantaged
  • National Defense
    • C: Strongly emphasized
    • L: Not as strongly emphasized
  • Taxes
    • C: The less the better; allow the individual to use the money
    • L: Private funds should be used to help all
  • Criminal Punishment
    • C: Punish offenders; emphasize victim rights
    • L: Rehabilitate offenders; protect their rights
voter tendencies
Voter tendencies

Blue- Liberal

Red- Conservative

who is a conservative
Who is a Conservative?


  • Men
  • White Protestants
  • Business people
  • Educated
  • Live in rural areas
  • Incomes over $75,000
who is a liberal
Who is a Liberal?


  • Women
  • Racial Minorities (especially African-Americans)
  • Less educated
  • People living in urban areas
  • People with incomes under $75,000
which are you
Which are you?

1. A= L, B= C

2. A= L, B= C

3. A= L, B= C

4. A= L, B= C

5. A= C, B= L

6. A= L, B= C

7. A= C, B= L

8. A= L, B= C

9. A= C, B= L

10. A= L, B= C

11. A= L, B= C

12. A= L, B= C

13. A= C, B= L

14. A= C, B= L

15. A= C, B= L

16. A= L, B= C

17. A= C, B= L

18. A= L, B= C

19. A= C, B= L

20. A= L, B= C

21. A= L, B= C

22. A= C, B= L

23. A= L, B= C

24. A= C, B= L

25. A= L, B= C

Add up your C’s and L’s!

political spectrum activity
Political Spectrum Activity

1. In groups of 2-4, discuss the statements on the cards.

  • Do you agree or disagree with the statement?
  • Who would be most likely to say it: a Liberal or a Conservative?

2.Read your card/s to the class and place them on the political spectrum on the board

3. Discuss the issues that came up in your group as a class.