Political Ideologies Conservatives v. Liberals
What is an ideology? 1.Ideology- a system of beliefs and ideals 1. Your own personal beliefs about the way things should be 2. Two main ideologies in the U.S. today: 1. Liberal - Usually support the Democrat Party 2. Conservative - Usually support the Republican Party
What’s the Difference? 1. The main disagreement between the two ideologies is the role of gov’t. • Conservative- • Less gov’t involvement in economy • Lower taxes • Gov’t enforcement of traditional values • Anti-abortion, anti-gay marriage, etc • State/local control • Liberal- • More gov’t involvement in economy • Higher taxes • Gov’t enforcement of progressive values • Pro-abortion, pro-gay marriage, etc • Central control
Liberal v. Conservative Ideologies • Purpose of Gov’t • C: Ensure basic rights; allow individual freedom • L: Protect and assist individual, by intervention if needed • The Individual • C: Protect, but don’t interfere • L: Gov’t and individuals are partners • Economics • C: Low taxes, minimal gov’t involvement in economy • L: Higher taxes, some gov’t regulation of economy • Foreign Relations • C: Pursue our country’s best interests • L: Cooperate closely with other countries and the U.N. • Aid to the Poor • C: Provide opportunities, but do not give handouts • L: Directly help the poor and disadvantaged • National Defense • C: Strongly emphasized • L: Not as strongly emphasized • Taxes • C: The less the better; allow the individual to use the money • L: Private funds should be used to help all • Criminal Punishment • C: Punish offenders; emphasize victim rights • L: Rehabilitate offenders; protect their rights
Voter tendencies Blue- Liberal Red- Conservative
Who is a Conservative? GENERALLY: • Men • White Protestants • Business people • Educated • Live in rural areas • Incomes over $75,000
Who is a Liberal? GENERALLY: • Women • Racial Minorities (especially African-Americans) • Less educated • People living in urban areas • People with incomes under $75,000
Which are you? 1. A= L, B= C 2. A= L, B= C 3. A= L, B= C 4. A= L, B= C 5. A= C, B= L 6. A= L, B= C 7. A= C, B= L 8. A= L, B= C 9. A= C, B= L 10. A= L, B= C 11. A= L, B= C 12. A= L, B= C 13. A= C, B= L 14. A= C, B= L 15. A= C, B= L 16. A= L, B= C 17. A= C, B= L 18. A= L, B= C 19. A= C, B= L 20. A= L, B= C 21. A= L, B= C 22. A= C, B= L 23. A= L, B= C 24. A= C, B= L 25. A= L, B= C Add up your C’s and L’s!
Political Spectrum Activity 1. In groups of 2-4, discuss the statements on the cards. • Do you agree or disagree with the statement? • Who would be most likely to say it: a Liberal or a Conservative? 2.Read your card/s to the class and place them on the political spectrum on the board 3. Discuss the issues that came up in your group as a class.