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Political Ideologies. The Political Spectrum . The political spectrum is a line along which are placed the various political ideologies and political parties This line has a center, a left side and a right side

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the political spectrum
The Political Spectrum
  • The political spectrum is a line along which are placed the various political ideologies and political parties
  • This line has a center, a left side and a right side
  • The extreme ends of the line represent extreme political beliefs while the center is associated with more moderate beliefs
the political spectrum ii
The Political Spectrum II
  • The center of the political spectrum is associated with the democratic form of government.
  • The extreme ends of the line on both the right and the left are totalitarian in form.
  • Direct democracy, where all citizens participate in government, originated with the ancient Greeks.
  • A Republic practices indirect democracy through elected representatives who speak for the people.
  • In a democracy the gov/state exists to serve the citizen.
  • Totalitarian forms of government are found at the extreme ends of the political spectrum on both the right and the left.
  • The gov/state exercises total control in this form of government.
  • In a totalitarian regime the individual exists only to serve the gov/state.
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The Political Spectrum




the political spectrum2
The Political Spectrum
  • The political beliefs of the left side of the spectrum support economic equality and change or progress in society
  • The extreme left is associated with Communism
  • Socialism and Social Democratic constructs are located on the left inside the circle – to various degrees
  • Karl Marx wrote the ‘Communist Manifesto’ in which he indicated that economic equality could only be achieved after a violent revolution.
  • Marx believed that the working people, or proletariat, would take power from their capitalist masters. He advocated uniting to overthrow private ownership.
  • The socialists, also, believe in economic equality, but only if it can be achieved through voting.
  • The basic goal of socialism is a more equal distribution of wealth. Nationalization of major industries is used to achieve this goal.
  • Democratic socialist political parties can be found in most modern democratic states such as Britain, France, and Spain.
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The Political Spectrum
  • Political beliefs on the right side of the line support tradition and resist change in society that they deem unnecessary.
  • The extreme right is associated with Fascism.
  • Fascism as a political ideology began in Italy in 1922 with the regime of Benito Mussolini.
  • In Germany the National Socialist Party led by Hitler came to power in 1933.
  • This political philosophy stressed militarism, nationalism, and racial purity. These were seen as a means to protect traditional beliefs.
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The Political Spectrum





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The Political Spectrum