Democracy Everyone has the power and leaders are elected. Capitalism (right wing) • Is about ‘competition’ • Is conservative (likes traditional ideas) • Is about making a profit and having the right to get rich. • In Australia this is traditionally the Liberal Party.
DemocracyEveryone has the power and leaders are elected. Socialism (left wing) • Isabout co-operation (sharing) • Is about changing ideas of society • Is about sharing resources and helping everyone in society. • Is traditionally the Labour Party.
DictatorshipOne person rules the country how they see fit. Fascism • Is extreme right wing • Is about being extremely patriotic about your country. • Wants to take over other countries. • Germany and Italy
DictatorshipOne person rules the country how they see fit. Communism • Extreme left wing • Is about earning money for the ‘good’ of the people. • Everyone is equal, no one is above anyone else, apart from the leader. • China and Russia
Key Point Although communists and fascists seem to be opposites, they share a number of common characteristics. Their extreme beliefs means that they have very few supporters, with the result that they rely on harshdictatorshipto make sure that their orders are followed – in other words, they share a common ground of intolerance. (they don’t like other nationalities or new ideas)
Answer the following questions: • What are the main differences between democracy and dictatorships? • What are the main differences between capitalism and communism? • What are the main differences between fascism and communism? • What do you think most people would be in class? • What evidence is there that Australia is democratic? • What evidence is there that Australia is mostly capitalist? • “Democracies are less efficient than dictatorships”. On this basis, do you think that Australia should become a dictatorship?
TEASER Topic sentence A short, punchy sentence that introduces the topic, theme, idea, event or leader of that paragraph ExplanationA sentence or two explain what it was, who they were, what it involved or what happened, i.e. a summary AimsWhat was the event, idea, theme or leader hoping to achieve? Explain its function and/or motives SignificanceAn evaluation (yours and/or other historians') of the importance of your particular topic EvidenceSupport your explanation with a quotation or two, statistics paraphrasing other historians Refer backFinally, link back to the question and the argument you have clearly articulated in your introduction
Germany was an extremely unstable country in the years immediately after World War 1. The Weimar republic was perceived as being extremely weak, and did not have widespread support from the people of Germany, the military, political groups such as communists or the older politicians still loyal to the Keiser. The Weimar republic hoped to bring economic stability to Germany, but often had to fight off uprisings from other extreme political groups. This was a significant event in the history of Germany, and led eventually to the rise of Hitler and Nazi party. The Weimer Government was weak without the support of the military, which made them believe they could take power. The people felt very unhappy as reparation was causing unemployment to be high and widespread poverty throughout Germany, leading to many supporting extreme political groups such as the Communists. This is why Germany was considered unstable after World War 1.