G-8: The News Media. Chapter 8- The News Media Learning Objectives:. (1). Examine News media's influence on public opinion & the political agenda . (2). Analyze the News Media's relationship with the government.
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A phenomenon in which people perceive the same event:
(How & why?)
What is the role of selective perception in forming Public Opinion?
Re-enforces what?_______ & dismisses what?__________
What exactly does the Media influence?
plays a major
role in shaping
The Media’s influence is over what people think about;
(Not so much what they actually think)
The list of issuesconsidered important and that government officials are actively debating.
The Two Way Street:
The media affects
while at the same time
often try toinfluence
the media as well
The practice of trying to persuade journalists to cover news stories in ways that put policies one likes in the most favorable light.
A form of journalism, popular at the end of the nineteenth century, thatemphasized?__________ and sometimes ?__________newscoverage.
Early form of ?____________
Journalism popular at the
Beginning of 20th century
A form of journalism that developed in the 1920s and which continues to predominate today. It emphasizes that journalists should strive to?____________________ out of their coverage of the news.
% Total number of newspapers +
Decline of total number of newspapers read in the United States, from 1945 to 2004
Broadcast TV* News versus Cable TV*?
Number of corporations
Consolidation of news outlets from 1981 to 2000
“Our liberty depends on freedom of the press, and that cannot be limited without being lost.”
Source of this guaranteed protection?
Any other constraints on Press freedom?
Any exceptions to above rules?
Let’s examine these in greater detail
Total number of seconds
Television stations that make their programming available over the airwaves without charge. Most local cable companies include broadcast television channels as part of their basic package of services.
Television programming not originally transmitted over the air, as with broadcast television, but rather carried via coaxial or fiber optic cable into the homes of people who pay a monthly fee.
A regulation the FCC adopted in 1949 and repealed in 1987. It required broadcasters to provide “reasonable opportunities for the expression of opposing views on controversial issues of public importance.”
Repealed in 1987- why?
Other Sources of info available - Cable TV
Freedom of the Press
Freedom of Information Act
An independent federal agency that regulates interstate and international communication by radio, television, telephone, telegraph, cable, and satellite.
Other Government regulations affecting electronic media?
Equal Time Provision
A federal law that stipulates that if a radio or television station gives or sells air time to a candidate for political office, it must provide all candidates for public office with access to the airwaves under the same conditions.
Now let’s examine how the Media reports the News =>