Ancient Rome. The Roman Republic and Empire. Origins of Rome. City of Rome was founded in 753 B.C.E. by Romulus and Remus on 7 hills on the Tiber River. The early settlers were the Latins, Greeks and Etruscans. The Latins built the first settlement of Rome.
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The Roman Republic and Empire
The Patricians (wealthy landowners) and the Plebeians (common farmers, artisans, merchants) struggled for power.
3rd Punic War-Rome laid siege to Carthage, burned it and sold its people into slavery. With this Rome dominated the Western Mediterranean.
Caesar also started a number of reforms such as increased pay for soldiers and he also expanded the Senate.