ancient rome n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
ANCIENT ROME PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
ANCIENT ROME

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 40

ANCIENT ROME - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 174 Views
  • Uploaded on

ANCIENT ROME. ROME’S BEGINNINGS. The Capitoline Wolf sculpture depicts a she-wolf suckling Romulus and Remus, Rome's legendary founders. Now a symbol of Rome. Legends.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'ANCIENT ROME' - chogan


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
rome s beginnings
ROME’SBEGINNINGS

The Capitoline Wolf sculpture depicts a she-wolf suckling Romulus and Remus, Rome's legendary founders. Now a symbol of Rome.

legends
Legends

Much of Rome’s early history comes from legends. The legends may not be totally accurate but are useful in giving the qualities and values the early Romans admired.

romulus
Romulus

Founder of Rome in 753 BCE

First of seven kings

Started Rome’s first army and government

numa pompilius
Numa Pompilius

Rome’s second king

Brought peace to Rome

Founded Rome’s religion

etruscans
Etruscans

Rome’s powerful neighbors to the north from Etruria

Were wealthy traders

Controlled Rome from 575 – 509 BCE

Gave the Romans their alphabet and the “arch”

Rome becomes a walled city with paved roads

Built Circus Maximus, Temple of Jupiter, Cloaca Maxima

tarquin the proud
Tarquin the Proud

Seventh and last king

Was cruel and terrorized his people

Ignored the Senate

509 BCE Romans rebel and send him into exile

slide10

Rome was a city-state in Italy

2)Rome’s climate is a Mediterranean climate with summers being hot and dry and winters being wet and mild

slide13

Built on hills – made it hard to attack

On Tiber River – transportation route, resources

15 miles from the sea – safe from others’ navies and storms

Center of Italy – could easily get to other places in Italy and in the Mediterranean

slide14

Mare Nostrum means “our sea” – eventually Rome controls all of the lands around the Mediterranean Sea

slide16
PATRICIANS

The upper class – wealthy landowners

Very small group – 5% of the population

Chose the king’s advisors

Controlled the most valuable land, held the key military and religious offices

PLEBEIANS

The lower class – peasants, laborers, artisans, shopkeepers

Very large group – 95% of the population

Very few privileges and say

Paid most of the taxes and served in the army.

slide17

A Republic form of government’s purpose is to serve the people. It was established in Rome when the Patricians overthrew the last monarch/king Tarquin the Proud because King Tarquin wanted more power and was cruel.

The Conflict of the Orders is when the Plebeians demanded more political rights because the Patricians were controlling almost everything since Tarquin’s removal.

some major differences between the patricians and the plebeians
Some Major Differences Between the Patricians and the Plebeians
  • Patricians could only be consuls or senators, they made and interpreted the laws, small group, wealthy, etc.
  • Plebeians paid the heavy taxes, were the soldiers, had no political powers, were the labor force, large group
slide19

The conflict between the Plebeians and the Patricians was resolved over time by the Plebeians would leave Rome and refuse to work or serve in the military and the Patricians would compromise with the Plebeians by giving them some power and say in the government each time this happened.

slide20
Rights gained by the Plebeians over the years:
  • Tribunes of the Plebs to represent their interests to the Senate
  • Council of Plebs that could make laws only about themselves
  • All laws were written down – The Twelve Tables
  • One consul had to be a plebeian – in this way it was possible for a plebeian to become a senator
  • Eventually could make laws that everyone (patricians and plebeians) must obey/follow
consuls
CONSULS
  • One patrician and one plebeian
  • Head/leaders of the Republic
  • Run the day to day affairs of Rome and command its army
senators
SENATORS
  • Three hundred patricians and ex-plebeian consuls
  • They can make and veto laws about everyone
  • Advised the consuls
tribunes of the plebs
Tribunes of the Plebs
  • Ten plebeians who represent plebeian interests to the senate
  • Advised the consuls
  • They can make and veto laws about everyone
citizens assemblies
Citizens Assemblies
  • Made up of all adult male Roman citizens
  • Nominated people to be the consuls, to be members of the senate, and to be a Tribunes of the Plebs
  • Approved or rejected all new laws
slide30

took great pride in their Republic and

  • defended it
  • treated conquered groups as allies
  • the Roman army was disciplined and
  • experienced
  • military success was greatly valued and
  • admired by Romans
  • winning wars was a great source of wealth
  • to the Romans – land, valuables, slaves, etc.
slide32

farmers would be gone a long time fighting

  • wealthy were controlling all of the land
  • there were many poor and unemployed people
  • in Rome
  • Roman leaders quarreled and, at times, killed
  • one another
  • 5) the slaves rebelled
slide34
CAUSE

Rapid expansion of the Roman Empire

EFFECT

Gap between the rich and poor grows

slide35
CAUSE

Greedy, dishonest leaders

EFFECT

The poor felt no loyalty to the Roman government who was keeping them poor

slide36
CAUSE

The poor felt no loyalty to the Roman government who was keeping them poor

EFFECT

Conflicts between rich and poor people grow

slide37
CAUSE

Professional soldiers who were poor citizens and only made money if they won a battle

EFFECT

Soldiers only loyal to the generals who paid them

slide38
CAUSE

Power hungry generals fight one another for control of government

EFFECT

Caesar’s rivals fear he is becoming too powerful and declare him a public enemy

slide39
CAUSE

Caesar crosses the Rubicon River and brings his army with him to Rome

EFFECT

Civil War breaks out for three years

slide40
CAUSE

Caesar defeats Pompey and declares himself dictator

EFFECT

This ends the Republican system of government in Rome