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The Decline of the Congress & the Rise of the BJP

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  1. The Decline of the Congress &the Rise of the BJP Gov 1255: Politics of India Prof Prerna Singh

  2. The Decline of the Congress Endogenous factors: • Deinstitutionalization of the Congress structure

  3. The Decline of the Congress Endogenous factors: • Deinstitutionalization of the Congress structure • Growth of factionalism in the party’s ranks

  4. The Decline of the Congress Endogenous factors: • Deinstitutionalization of the Congress structure • Growth of factionalism in the party’s ranks Exogenous factors: • Rise of state politics

  5. The Decline of the Congress Endogenous factors: • Deinstitutionalization of the Congress structure • Growth of factionalism in the party’s ranks Exogenous factors: • Rise of state politics • Rise of identity politics

  6. The Rise of the BJP • Exogeneous factors • Developments in political sphere • Emergence of a vacuum with the decline of Congress • Electoral, ideological & organizational • Unprecedented communalization of the polity • Increased willingness of opposition front to come to terms with the BJP

  7. The Rise of the BJP • Exogenous factors • Developments in social sphere • Perception of Hindu vulnerability • TV mega-serials – Ramayana and Mahabharata

  8. The Rise of the BJP • Endogenous factors • BJP’s political strategy • The SanghParivar : Reestablishment of the Unholy family • Increase in scope and strength of the movement