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The Rise of Europe Why did Europe Decline? Collapse of the Western Roman Empire (476) Invasions by Germanic Tribes: (Name some) Trade, travel, towns and learning decreased Germanic kingdoms carved up a once united Empire G.R.A.P.E.S

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why did europe decline
Why did Europe Decline?
  • Collapse of the Western Roman Empire (476)
  • Invasions by Germanic Tribes: (Name some)
  • Trade, travel, towns and learning decreased
  • Germanic kingdoms carved up a once united Empire

G.R.A.P.E.S

Roman Empire no longer unified vast regions based on government, trade & commerce, culture, education, and arts.

key figures in the rise of europe
Key Figures in the Rise of Europe

Clovis:

Warrior King of the Franks who converted to Christianity (496 A.D.)

Clovis

Charles Martel

Charlemagne

Eleanor of Aquitaine

Benedict

St. Francis of Assisi

Charles Martel:

Leader of the Franks in the battle of Tours where his Christian warriors defeat Muslim invaders (732 A.D.)

Charlemagne:

Emperor who united much of Western Europe into a Christian kingdom.Crowned Roman Emperor in 800 A.D.

Eleanor of Aquitaine:

politically influential wife of King Louis VII of France and later King Henry II of England, an mother of King Richard, the Lion-heart

Benedict:

monk who installed the Benedictine Rule for monastic life

St. Francis of Assisi:

founder of the Franciscan order of friars

comparison

Artisans

Peasants

Merchants

Comparison
rise of town and the middle class

The Agricultural Revolution leads to

A Revival of Trade which leads to

A growth of Towns and the Middle Class.

Rise of Town and the Middle Class
  • Agricultural Revolution
  • Technology improves farm production
    • Iron plow carves deep into heavy soil of northern Europe. An improvement over wooden plows
    • New harness used for faster horses instead of slower oxen
  • larger fields + more crops = more production
  • Agricultural Revolution
  • More food = population growth
  • Three-field System:
    • field 1- plant with grain
    • field 2- plant with legumes
    • field 3- lies fallow
  • Legumes restored fertility to soil and added protein to their diet
  • From 1000 to 1300 population triples
  • Towns and the Middle Class
  • As towns grow, merchants gain power.
  • Guilds form and become powerful
  • Modern business practices develop
  • The Middle Class gains power
  • Trade and commerce gain importance
  • Revival of Trade
  • Warfare decreases
  • Travel becomes safer
  • Desire for foreign goods increases
  • Trade fairs develop
  • Towns and cities grow