The Rise of Europe - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Rise of Europe

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  1. The Rise of Europe

  2. Why did Europe Decline? • Collapse of the Western Roman Empire (476) • Invasions by Germanic Tribes: (Name some) • Trade, travel, towns and learning decreased • Germanic kingdoms carved up a once united Empire G.R.A.P.E.S Roman Empire no longer unified vast regions based on government, trade & commerce, culture, education, and arts.

  3. Wreckage

  4. Key Figures in the Rise of Europe Clovis: Warrior King of the Franks who converted to Christianity (496 A.D.) Clovis Charles Martel Charlemagne Eleanor of Aquitaine Benedict St. Francis of Assisi Charles Martel: Leader of the Franks in the battle of Tours where his Christian warriors defeat Muslim invaders (732 A.D.) Charlemagne: Emperor who united much of Western Europe into a Christian kingdom.Crowned Roman Emperor in 800 A.D. Eleanor of Aquitaine: politically influential wife of King Louis VII of France and later King Henry II of England, an mother of King Richard, the Lion-heart Benedict: monk who installed the Benedictine Rule for monastic life St. Francis of Assisi: founder of the Franciscan order of friars

  5. Charlemagne kingdom

  6. Treaty of Verdun

  7. Feudalism

  8. Artisans Peasants Merchants Comparison

  9. The Manor System

  10. Feudalism and Manor System

  11. Bound to the Land

  12. Role of the Church

  13. The Agricultural Revolution leads to A Revival of Trade which leads to A growth of Towns and the Middle Class. Rise of Town and the Middle Class • Agricultural Revolution • Technology improves farm production • Iron plow carves deep into heavy soil of northern Europe. An improvement over wooden plows • New harness used for faster horses instead of slower oxen • larger fields + more crops = more production • Agricultural Revolution • More food = population growth • Three-field System: • field 1- plant with grain • field 2- plant with legumes • field 3- lies fallow • Legumes restored fertility to soil and added protein to their diet • From 1000 to 1300 population triples • Towns and the Middle Class • As towns grow, merchants gain power. • Guilds form and become powerful • Modern business practices develop • The Middle Class gains power • Trade and commerce gain importance • Revival of Trade • Warfare decreases • Travel becomes safer • Desire for foreign goods increases • Trade fairs develop • Towns and cities grow