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The First Continental Congress. Delegates to the Congress included colonial leaders such as Samuel Adams, John Adams, Patrick Henry, and George Washington .

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The First Continental Congress


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the first continental congress1

Delegates to the Congress included colonial leaders such as Samuel Adams, John Adams, Patrick Henry, and George Washington.

  • Many different viewpoints were represented at the Congress. Some people wanted to break away completely from Britain, while others wanted to find a way to get along.
The First Continental Congress
slide3
Source: The First Continental Congress, Allyn Cox, 1973-1974. Architect of the Capitol.
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They demanded the repeal of the illegal Intolerable Acts and called for a boycott of British goods and trade effective December 1st, 1774.

The First Continental Congress
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The Congress also passed a petition called the “Declaration and Resolves of the First Continental Congress.”

    • This described the rights of the colonists and their grievances with Britain.
    • In this document the Congress stated that Parliament had the power to regulate colonial trade, but not the power to tax the colonies arbitrarily and without the colonists having representatives in Parliament.
The First Continental Congress
excerpt from the declaration of rights

“That they are entitled to life, liberty and property: And they have never ceded to any foreign power whatever, a right to dispose of either without their consent”

~ Excerpt from the Declaration of Rights
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One of the most important actions of the Congress was the formation of a “Continental Association” which was in charge of enforcing the boycott.

  • Following the meeting of the Congress, this Association assumed the leadership of the colonies.
  • The delegates as a whole were not ready to call for independence, but were determined to uphold their rights.
The First Continental Congress
parliaments response

The British Parliament had no intentions of meeting the demands of the First Continental Congress.

  • It chose, instead, to use force to restore its authority.
  • These events would further lead to the American Revolution.
Parliaments Response