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Ancient Rome. Friday March 27, 200. 9. Rome spreads across seven hills along the _____ River on the _____Peninsula, which extends into the _____ Sea. 10. What group of people taught the Romans many skills?. Answers. 9. Tiber, Italian, Mediterranean 10. Etruscans.

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friday march 27 200
FridayMarch 27, 200

9. Rome spreads across seven hills along the _____ River on the _____Peninsula, which extends into the _____ Sea.

10. What group of people taught the Romans many skills?


9. Tiber, Italian, Mediterranean

10. Etruscans

interesting facts about rome
Interesting Facts about Rome

There is a Roman legend that the city of

Rome was founded

by two brothers

Romulus and Remus.

monday april 6 2009
MondayApril 6, 2009

1. (Look at the picture on pages 278-279.)

What is the picture of and why is it important?

2. How did Rome’s location help it to grow from a small village to a powerful city?


1. Aqueducts were used to bring water to Roman cities.


  • Hills protected Rome from attack.
  • The soil was good for farming.
  • The Tiber River connected Rome to the coast for trade and travel.
interesting facts about rome9
Interesting Facts about Rome

The smallest country in the world is located within the city of Rome. It is Vatican City – population approximately 1,000 and square area 109 acres. Vatican City is the spiritual and governmental center for the Roman Catholic Church, the largest Christian church in the world. The leader of this country-city is the Pope. It has been an independent country since 1929. St. Peter’s Basilica, one of the largest churches in the world is located here. Vatican City issues its own stamps, money, license plates, and has its own flag.

tuesday april 7 2009
Tuesday April 7, 2009

3. Who were the patricians and the plebeians?

4. How was the Roman government like our government?


3. Patricians were the wealthy class of people in Rome.

Plebeians were the common people in Rome.

4. In a republic, the citizens elect representatives to run the government.

(USA government = representative democracy)

interesting facts about rome15
Interesting facts about Rome

The Roman Colosseum was the largestbuilding of its kind on Earth. It held 50,000 people. Festivities began at dawn and often lasted well into the night. The most popular events involved fighting between the gladiators. Weapons of the gladiators included:

sword and shield, stick weighted with lead, net and trident and dagger

As many as 2,000 men might fight in a single day with about half of them getting killed.

wednesday april 8 2009
WednesdayApril 8, 2009

5. Who was Julius Caesar? What happened to him?

6. Who was Octavian?


5. Julius Caesar = 100-44 B.C. a general and hero who became dictator of Rome in 45 B.C.

He was assassinated by senators who opposed his rule on the Ides of March (the 15th) in 44 B.C.

6. Octavian was known as Augustus which means “great.” He was the first emperor of Rome and ruled during the period of time known as the

Pax Romana or the “Roman Peace.”

julius caesar
Julius Caesar

Octavian Augustus

interesting facts about rome22
Interesting Facts about Rome

What do you think this is?

thursday april 9 2009
ThursdayApril 9, 2009

7. What was the Appian Way?

8. What was Rome’s enemy in Africa?


7. Appian Way = most famous Roman road that stretched for more than 350 miles south and east of Rome.

8. Carthage (Rome fought Carthage

3 times during the Punic Wars which lasted for over 100 years.)

interesting facts about rome27
Interesting Facts about Rome

Which of the following pets were most likely NOT found in the Roman home?

  • parrots
  • snakes
  • monkeys
  • dogs

a. parrots

friday april 10 2009
FridayApril 10, 2009

9. Name 5 architectural achievements of the Romans.

10. How is the Roman republic DIFFERENT than the democracy in Athens?



  • Colosseum
  • aqueducts
  • temples like the Pantheon
  • domes
  • roads
  • arch
  • Concrete
  • keystones

10. In the Roman Republic, citizens elected representatives to run the government - indirect democracy.

Athens had a pure democracy where the citizens ran the government – direct democracy.

interesting facts about roman boys
Interesting Facts about Roman Boys

Roman boys learned reading, writing, counting and public speaking in school. They went to school 7 days a week–no days off! The Roman boys did get a day off for a religious holiday, and there were a lot of those. When a Roman boy reached adulthood, he was entitled to wear the white toga of a man and Roman citizen. For recreation, Roman boys played at war with wooden swords.


Look at the article on keystones!!

tuesday april 14 2009
TuesdayApril 14, 2009

1. What was the name of the time period when Roman rulers brought peace and wealth to the Mediterranean region?

2. What do the following words mean?

  • reign
  • Latin
  • Romance language

1. Pax Romana (Golden Age of Rome)

2. reign = rule

Latin = official language of Rome

Romance language = language developed from Latin

interesting facts about rome40
Interesting Facts about Rome

The Romans used a weapon in battle called the ballista. It was a giant slingshot that threw heavy rocks over 1,200 feet!!

tuesday april 14 200941
TuesdayApril 14, 2009

3. Athens had a direct democracy, and Rome had an indirect democracy. What does this mean?

4. Rome’s code of laws was called the _________ ________.


3. In Athens the citizens ran the government = direct democracy

In Rome citizens elected representatives to run the government (a republic) = indirect democracy

4.Twelve Tables


Here are a few of the lawsin the Twelve Tables These have been reworded 

  • If you are called to go to court, you must go. If you don’t show up, you can be taken to court by force.
  • If you need a witness to testify and he will not show up, you can go once every three days and shout in front of his house.
  • If it's your tree, it’s your fruit, even if it falls on another man’s land.

A person who had been found guilty of giving false witness shall be hurled down from the Tarpeian Rock.

  • No person shall hold meetings by night in the city.
  • A dead man shall not be buried or burned within the city.

Marriages should not take place between plebeians and patricians.(As time went on, this law was changed. When the tables were first written, this was the law.)

interesting facts about roman girls
Interesting Facts about Roman Girls

Roman girls did not go to school. They were taught at home by their mothers. Spinning, weaving, music, and sewing were important skills girls needed to know. For recreation, Roman girls would play with dolls made out of wax or clay. Some of the dolls even had jointed arms and legs! Roman girls also played board games. They were NOT allowed to fall in love and choose their own husbands – a marriage would have been arranged between families.

wednesday april 15 2009
WednesdayApril 15, 2009

5. Name the three largest groups in the Christian religion.

6. What was the Protestant Reformation?


5. Three largest Christian groups:

  • Roman Catholic
  • Protestant
  • Eastern Orthodox

6. Protestant Reformation -> a movement began in the 1500’s when Martin Luther wanted the Catholic Church to reform -> it led to the formation of new Christian churches

interesting facts about rome49
Interesting Facts about Rome

When babies in Rome were nine days old, they received a charm called a bulla. This charm was worn around the neck and chased away evil spirits.

thursday april 16 2009
ThursdayApril 16, 2009

7. What did the Emperor Diocletian do to the Roman Empire?

8. What was the Byzantine Empire?


7. Diocletian divided the Roman Empire into two parts -> one in the East and one in the West

8. Byzantine -> the Eastern part of the Roman Empire (lasted 1,000 years after the fall of the Western Empire)

interesting facts about rome54
Interesting Facts about Rome

Among the fiercest barbarians that attacked the Roman Empire were the Huns. The Huns were from Central Asia. Led by Attila, the Huns attacked many parts of the empire while the Romans were fighting off other barbarian tribes.

The Goths, from western Europe, in A.D. 410 stormed Rome and caused the great city to fall in the hands of barbarians.

monday april 20 2009
MondayApril 20, 2009

1. What was the law of the Byzantine Empire?

2. How did the Byzantine Empire preserve the traditions of Ancient Greece and Rome?


1. Justinian Code


  • Justinian Code was based on Roman laws.
  • Roman & Greek art and architecture was used in the Byzantine Empire.
interesting facts about rome60
Interesting Facts about Rome

The Romans used sundials to tell time. A shadow cast by the sun on the hour markers indicated the time. They even had a pocket-variety sundial!


9. Who is the founder of each of these religions?

Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism,


10. Who do the Christians believe the

Messiah to be?


9. Judaism = Abraham

Christianity = Jesus

Islam = Muhammad

Buddhism =

Siddhartha Gautama

Hinduism = the Aryans

10. Jesus

friday april 17 2009
Friday April 17, 2009

9. What do Judaism, Christianity, and Islam have in common?

10. What are the holy texts of all three religions?


9. These religions are all monotheistic.

10. Holy text of each:

  • Judaism = the Torah
  • Christianity = the Bible
  • Islam = the Koran
interesting facts about christianity
Interesting Facts about Christianity

Early Christians were

persecuted for their

beliefs. They met

secretly in Roman

Catacombs for religious

services. Catacombs

were vast, underground

rooms where Romans

buried their dead.

interesting facts about christianity67
Interesting Facts about Christianity

Today is Martin Luther’s birthday. He was born on April 17, 1483. There are three major types of Christian Religions: Roman Catholic, Protestant, and Eastern Orthodox. Martin Luther wanted to “reform” or change the Roman Catholic Church. His protest of the practices of the church led to the formation new Christian religions-> Protestant

Are you a Protestant?

examples from martin luther s 95 theses
Examples from Martin Luther’s 95 Theses…
  • Christians should be taught that one who gives to the poor, or lends to the needy, does a better action than if he purchases indulgences.
  • Because, by works of love, love grows and a man becomes a better man; whereas, by indulgences, he does not become a better man.
homework for friday april 17 2009
Homeworkfor Friday-> April 17, 2009
  • Study for test on Rome, Christianity, and the Byzantine Empire SCHEDULED FOR TUESDAY OF NEXT WEEK!
tuesday april 21 2009
TuesdayApril 21, 2009

3. For what is Augustus remembered?

4. What is the relationship between the Jewish faith and Christianity? (Besides that they are both monotheistic religions)


2. Socrates taught his students to learn by _____________ _____________. This came to be known as the ____________



3. He brought order, good government, and peace to Rome – Pax Romana

4. Jesus was a Hebrew.

The Old Testament is important in both religions.

Both religions follow the Ten Commandments.


2. asking questions

Socratic Method

interesting facts about rome74
Interesting Facts about Rome

Romans used keystones in their

architecture. A keystone is the

wedge shaped

piece at the

top of the

arch that locks

the other pieces

into place.

wednesday april 22 2009
WednesdayApril 22, 2009

5. Which best describes a republic?

  • All men and women elect their leaders.
  • Only the rich can vote.
  • Citizens have the right to vote, or choose their leaders.
  • A king rules the people.

6. Who made Christianity equal to other religions in the Roman Empire and banned the persecution of the Christians?

  • Marcus Aurelius
  • Caligula
  • Augustus
  • Constantine


3. The Byzantine Empire preserved the traditions of ancient ______________ and _____________.


5. Citizens have the right to vote, or choose their leaders.

  • Constantine


3. Greece and Rome

interesting facts about rome78
Interesting Facts about Rome

A Roman consul was a chief government administrator who commanded armies. Caligula once proposed that one of the consuls would be:

  • his wife.
  • his 5 year old son.
  • Cleopatra.
  • his favorite horse.