Ancient Rome. Friday March 27, 200. 9. Rome spreads across seven hills along the _____ River on the _____Peninsula, which extends into the _____ Sea. 10. What group of people taught the Romans many skills?. Answers. 9. Tiber, Italian, Mediterranean 10. Etruscans.
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9. Rome spreads across seven hills along the _____ River on the _____Peninsula, which extends into the _____ Sea.
10. What group of people taught the Romans many skills?
9. Tiber, Italian, Mediterranean
There is a Roman legend that the city of
Rome was founded
by two brothers
Romulus and Remus.
1. (Look at the picture on pages 278-279.)
What is the picture of and why is it important?
2. How did Rome’s location help it to grow from a small village to a powerful city?
1. Aqueducts were used to bring water to Roman cities.
The smallest country in the world is located within the city of Rome. It is Vatican City – population approximately 1,000 and square area 109 acres. Vatican City is the spiritual and governmental center for the Roman Catholic Church, the largest Christian church in the world. The leader of this country-city is the Pope. It has been an independent country since 1929. St. Peter’s Basilica, one of the largest churches in the world is located here. Vatican City issues its own stamps, money, license plates, and has its own flag.
3. Who were the patricians and the plebeians?
4. How was the Roman government like our government?
3. Patricians were the wealthy class of people in Rome.
Plebeians were the common people in Rome.
4. In a republic, the citizens elect representatives to run the government.
(USA government = representative democracy)
The Roman Colosseum was the largestbuilding of its kind on Earth. It held 50,000 people. Festivities began at dawn and often lasted well into the night. The most popular events involved fighting between the gladiators. Weapons of the gladiators included:
sword and shield, stick weighted with lead, net and trident and dagger
As many as 2,000 men might fight in a single day with about half of them getting killed.
5. Who was Julius Caesar? What happened to him?
6. Who was Octavian?
5. Julius Caesar = 100-44 B.C. a general and hero who became dictator of Rome in 45 B.C.
He was assassinated by senators who opposed his rule on the Ides of March (the 15th) in 44 B.C.
6. Octavian was known as Augustus which means “great.” He was the first emperor of Rome and ruled during the period of time known as the
Pax Romana or the “Roman Peace.”
What do you think this is?
7. What was the Appian Way?
8. What was Rome’s enemy in Africa?
7. Appian Way = most famous Roman road that stretched for more than 350 miles south and east of Rome.
8. Carthage (Rome fought Carthage
3 times during the Punic Wars which lasted for over 100 years.)
Which of the following pets were most likely NOT found in the Roman home?
9. Name 5 architectural achievements of the Romans.
10. How is the Roman republic DIFFERENT than the democracy in Athens?
10. In the Roman Republic, citizens elected representatives to run the government - indirect democracy.
Athens had a pure democracy where the citizens ran the government – direct democracy.
Roman boys learned reading, writing, counting and public speaking in school. They went to school 7 days a week–no days off! The Roman boys did get a day off for a religious holiday, and there were a lot of those. When a Roman boy reached adulthood, he was entitled to wear the white toga of a man and Roman citizen. For recreation, Roman boys played at war with wooden swords.
Look at the article on keystones!!
1. What was the name of the time period when Roman rulers brought peace and wealth to the Mediterranean region?
2. What do the following words mean?
1. Pax Romana (Golden Age of Rome)
2. reign = rule
Latin = official language of Rome
Romance language = language developed from Latin
The Romans used a weapon in battle called the ballista. It was a giant slingshot that threw heavy rocks over 1,200 feet!!
3. Athens had a direct democracy, and Rome had an indirect democracy. What does this mean?
4. Rome’s code of laws was called the _________ ________.
3. In Athens the citizens ran the government = direct democracy
In Rome citizens elected representatives to run the government (a republic) = indirect democracy
A person who had been found guilty of giving false witness shall be hurled down from the Tarpeian Rock.
Marriages should not take place between plebeians and patricians.(As time went on, this law was changed. When the tables were first written, this was the law.)
Roman girls did not go to school. They were taught at home by their mothers. Spinning, weaving, music, and sewing were important skills girls needed to know. For recreation, Roman girls would play with dolls made out of wax or clay. Some of the dolls even had jointed arms and legs! Roman girls also played board games. They were NOT allowed to fall in love and choose their own husbands – a marriage would have been arranged between families.
5. Name the three largest groups in the Christian religion.
6. What was the Protestant Reformation?
5. Three largest Christian groups:
6. Protestant Reformation -> a movement began in the 1500’s when Martin Luther wanted the Catholic Church to reform -> it led to the formation of new Christian churches
When babies in Rome were nine days old, they received a charm called a bulla. This charm was worn around the neck and chased away evil spirits.
7. What did the Emperor Diocletian do to the Roman Empire?
8. What was the Byzantine Empire?
7. Diocletian divided the Roman Empire into two parts -> one in the East and one in the West
8. Byzantine -> the Eastern part of the Roman Empire (lasted 1,000 years after the fall of the Western Empire)
Among the fiercest barbarians that attacked the Roman Empire were the Huns. The Huns were from Central Asia. Led by Attila, the Huns attacked many parts of the empire while the Romans were fighting off other barbarian tribes.
The Goths, from western Europe, in A.D. 410 stormed Rome and caused the great city to fall in the hands of barbarians.
1. What was the law of the Byzantine Empire?
2. How did the Byzantine Empire preserve the traditions of Ancient Greece and Rome?
1. Justinian Code
The Romans used sundials to tell time. A shadow cast by the sun on the hour markers indicated the time. They even had a pocket-variety sundial!
Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism,
10. Who do the Christians believe the
Messiah to be?
9. Judaism = Abraham
Christianity = Jesus
Islam = Muhammad
Hinduism = the Aryans
9. What do Judaism, Christianity, and Islam have in common?
10. What are the holy texts of all three religions?
9. These religions are all monotheistic.
10. Holy text of each:
Early Christians were
persecuted for their
beliefs. They met
secretly in Roman
Catacombs for religious
were vast, underground
rooms where Romans
buried their dead.
Today is Martin Luther’s birthday. He was born on April 17, 1483. There are three major types of Christian Religions: Roman Catholic, Protestant, and Eastern Orthodox. Martin Luther wanted to “reform” or change the Roman Catholic Church. His protest of the practices of the church led to the formation new Christian religions-> Protestant
Are you a Protestant?
3. For what is Augustus remembered?
4. What is the relationship between the Jewish faith and Christianity? (Besides that they are both monotheistic religions)
2. Socrates taught his students to learn by _____________ _____________. This came to be known as the ____________
3. He brought order, good government, and peace to Rome – Pax Romana
4. Jesus was a Hebrew.
The Old Testament is important in both religions.
Both religions follow the Ten Commandments.
2. asking questions
Romans used keystones in their
architecture. A keystone is the
piece at the
top of the
arch that locks
the other pieces
5. Which best describes a republic?
6. Who made Christianity equal to other religions in the Roman Empire and banned the persecution of the Christians?
3. The Byzantine Empire preserved the traditions of ancient ______________ and _____________.
5. Citizens have the right to vote, or choose their leaders.
3. Greece and Rome
A Roman consul was a chief government administrator who commanded armies. Caligula once proposed that one of the consuls would be: