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Ancient Rome

Ancient Rome

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Ancient Rome

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  1. Ancient Rome

  2. FridayMarch 27, 200 9. Rome spreads across seven hills along the _____ River on the _____Peninsula, which extends into the _____ Sea. 10. What group of people taught the Romans many skills?

  3. Answers 9. Tiber, Italian, Mediterranean 10. Etruscans

  4. Interesting Facts about Rome There is a Roman legend that the city of Rome was founded by two brothers Romulus and Remus.

  5. MondayApril 6, 2009 1. (Look at the picture on pages 278-279.) What is the picture of and why is it important? 2. How did Rome’s location help it to grow from a small village to a powerful city?

  6. Answers 1. Aqueducts were used to bring water to Roman cities. 2. • Hills protected Rome from attack. • The soil was good for farming. • The Tiber River connected Rome to the coast for trade and travel.

  7. Roman Aqueducts

  8. Interesting Facts about Rome The smallest country in the world is located within the city of Rome. It is Vatican City – population approximately 1,000 and square area 109 acres. Vatican City is the spiritual and governmental center for the Roman Catholic Church, the largest Christian church in the world. The leader of this country-city is the Pope. It has been an independent country since 1929. St. Peter’s Basilica, one of the largest churches in the world is located here. Vatican City issues its own stamps, money, license plates, and has its own flag.

  9. Vatican City

  10. St. Peter’s Basilica

  11. Vatican City’s Flag

  12. Tuesday April 7, 2009 3. Who were the patricians and the plebeians? 4. How was the Roman government like our government?

  13. Answers 3. Patricians were the wealthy class of people in Rome. Plebeians were the common people in Rome. 4. In a republic, the citizens elect representatives to run the government. (USA government = representative democracy)

  14. Interesting facts about Rome The Roman Colosseum was the largestbuilding of its kind on Earth. It held 50,000 people. Festivities began at dawn and often lasted well into the night. The most popular events involved fighting between the gladiators. Weapons of the gladiators included: sword and shield, stick weighted with lead, net and trident and dagger As many as 2,000 men might fight in a single day with about half of them getting killed.

  15. WednesdayApril 8, 2009 5. Who was Julius Caesar? What happened to him? 6. Who was Octavian?

  16. Answers 5. Julius Caesar = 100-44 B.C. a general and hero who became dictator of Rome in 45 B.C. He was assassinated by senators who opposed his rule on the Ides of March (the 15th) in 44 B.C. 6. Octavian was known as Augustus which means “great.” He was the first emperor of Rome and ruled during the period of time known as the Pax Romana or the “Roman Peace.”

  17. Julius Caesar Octavian Augustus

  18. Interesting Facts about Rome What do you think this is?

  19. That’s right! The Romans used communal toilets!! And this is a Roman bath!

  20. ThursdayApril 9, 2009 7. What was the Appian Way? 8. What was Rome’s enemy in Africa?

  21. Answers 7. Appian Way = most famous Roman road that stretched for more than 350 miles south and east of Rome. 8. Carthage (Rome fought Carthage 3 times during the Punic Wars which lasted for over 100 years.)

  22. Interesting Facts about Rome Which of the following pets were most likely NOT found in the Roman home? • parrots • snakes • monkeys • dogs

  23. Answer a. parrots

  24. FridayApril 10, 2009 9. Name 5 architectural achievements of the Romans. 10. How is the Roman republic DIFFERENT than the democracy in Athens?

  25. Answers 9. • Colosseum • aqueducts • temples like the Pantheon • domes • roads • arch • Concrete • keystones 10. In the Roman Republic, citizens elected representatives to run the government - indirect democracy. Athens had a pure democracy where the citizens ran the government – direct democracy.

  26. Tiber River

  27. Arno River

  28. Interesting Facts about Roman Boys Roman boys learned reading, writing, counting and public speaking in school. They went to school 7 days a week–no days off! The Roman boys did get a day off for a religious holiday, and there were a lot of those. When a Roman boy reached adulthood, he was entitled to wear the white toga of a man and Roman citizen. For recreation, Roman boys played at war with wooden swords.

  29. KEYSTONES!!! Look at the article on keystones!! http://www.ask.com/bar?q=Romans+use+keystones&page=1&qsrc=0&ab=3&u=http%3A%2F%2Faskabiologist.asu.edu%2Fprofiles%2Fasmith%2Fkeystones.html

  30. TuesdayApril 14, 2009 1. What was the name of the time period when Roman rulers brought peace and wealth to the Mediterranean region? 2. What do the following words mean? • reign • Latin • Romance language

  31. Answers 1. Pax Romana (Golden Age of Rome) 2. reign = rule Latin = official language of Rome Romance language = language developed from Latin

  32. Interesting Facts about Rome The Romans used a weapon in battle called the ballista. It was a giant slingshot that threw heavy rocks over 1,200 feet!!

  33. TuesdayApril 14, 2009 3. Athens had a direct democracy, and Rome had an indirect democracy. What does this mean? 4. Rome’s code of laws was called the _________ ________.

  34. Answers 3. In Athens the citizens ran the government = direct democracy In Rome citizens elected representatives to run the government (a republic) = indirect democracy 4.Twelve Tables

  35. Here are a few of the lawsin the Twelve Tables These have been reworded  • If you are called to go to court, you must go. If you don’t show up, you can be taken to court by force. • If you need a witness to testify and he will not show up, you can go once every three days and shout in front of his house. • If it's your tree, it’s your fruit, even if it falls on another man’s land.

  36. A person who had been found guilty of giving false witness shall be hurled down from the Tarpeian Rock. • No person shall hold meetings by night in the city. • A dead man shall not be buried or burned within the city. Marriages should not take place between plebeians and patricians.(As time went on, this law was changed. When the tables were first written, this was the law.)

  37. Interesting Facts about Roman Girls Roman girls did not go to school. They were taught at home by their mothers. Spinning, weaving, music, and sewing were important skills girls needed to know. For recreation, Roman girls would play with dolls made out of wax or clay. Some of the dolls even had jointed arms and legs! Roman girls also played board games. They were NOT allowed to fall in love and choose their own husbands – a marriage would have been arranged between families.

  38. WednesdayApril 15, 2009 5. Name the three largest groups in the Christian religion. 6. What was the Protestant Reformation?

  39. Answers 5. Three largest Christian groups: • Roman Catholic • Protestant • Eastern Orthodox 6. Protestant Reformation -> a movement began in the 1500’s when Martin Luther wanted the Catholic Church to reform -> it led to the formation of new Christian churches

  40. Interesting Facts about Rome When babies in Rome were nine days old, they received a charm called a bulla. This charm was worn around the neck and chased away evil spirits.

  41. Young Roman Boy Wearing his Toga and a Bulla