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Rise of Islam. World Studies Mr. Szyzdek. Pre-Islamic Arabia. Before Islam, some Arabs lived as nomadic herders called Bedouins . Two major towns were vital to trade Mecca and Medina were located on caravan routes that linked Arabia to Mediterranean Sea. Mecca was home to the Kabba .

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rise of islam
Rise of Islam

World Studies

Mr. Szyzdek

pre islamic arabia
Pre-Islamic Arabia
  • Before Islam, some Arabs lived as nomadic herders called Bedouins.
  • Two major towns were vital to trade
  • Mecca and Medina were located on caravan routes that linked Arabia to Mediterranean Sea.
  • Mecca was home to the Kabba.
    • Sacred shrine that housed the images of many Arab gods.
    • “Black Stone”- meteorite that Arabs believed was snt by god.
muhammad
Muhammad
  • Born in Mecca in about 570 A.D
  • Raised by his uncle.
  • Received a vision from Archangel Gabriel ordering him to “Proclaim”.
  • Message was not well received by the people of Mecca.
  • Muhammad and his followers were forced to migrate to Medina.
  • This migration is better known as Hejira.
    • Marked the beginning of the expansion of Islam.
    • First year of the Muslim Calendar
conquering mecca
Conquering Mecca
  • In 630 A.D, Muhammad led his army to conquer Mecca.
  • Upon his success, he smashed the images of the gods in the Kabba.
  • Dedicated the “Black Stone” to Allah.
teachings of islam
Teachings of Islam
  • Islam- submission to God.
  • Basic Message- there is no God but God. Muhammad is the prophet of God.
  • Koran- sacred text of Islam
  • Believed to be the exact word of God
  • Authority on religion, politics, law, economics and social life.
  • Believed that Moses and Jesus were prophets of God as well.
  • Allah is the same God of Jews and Christians.
the five pillars of islam
The Five Pillars of Islam
  • 1st Pillar: Muslims proclaim their belief in one God.
  • 2nd Pillar: Prayer- pray five times daily in the direction of the Kabba.
  • 3rd Pillar: Charity to the Poor and Aged.
    • Zakat- literally means purification. In this instance from greed
    • Muslims who are financially stable are required to give 2.5% of their yearly earnings to charity.
five pillars cont
Five Pillars Cont.
  • 4th Pillar: Fasting during holy month of Ramadan.
    • 9th Month in the Muslim calendar. Gabriel spoke to Muhammad.
    • Cannot eat or drink from dawn to sunset.
  • 5th Pillar: Hajj
    • All Muslims who are able must make a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in their life.
success of islam
Success of Islam
  • Muhammad had died in the city of Mecca in 632 A.D.
  • By this time, Islam had spread across the entire Arabic Peninsula.
  • Why did Islam expand so swiftly?
  • Unifying beliefs
  • Believed that soldiers who die in service of Islam get to enjoy paradise
  • Lure of riches.