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Rise of Islam . SSWH5: The student will trace the origins and expansion of the Islamic World between 600CE and 1300 CE. a. Explain the origins of Islam and the growth of the Islamic Empire.

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SSWH5: The student will trace the origins and expansion of the Islamic World between 600CE and 1300 CE
  • a. Explain the origins of Islam and the growth of the Islamic Empire.
  • B. Identify the Muslim trade routes to India, China, Europe, and Africa and assess the economic impact of this trade.
  • c. Explain the reasons for the split between Sunni and Shia Muslims.
a explain the origins of islam and the growth of the islamic empire
a. Explain the origins of Islam and the growth of the Islamic Empire.
  • Rise of Islam
  • Main Idea
    • Religious and ethical systems: Muhammad unified the Arab people both politically and through the religion of Islam
  • Why it matters now
    • As the world’s fastest-growing major religion, Islam has a strong impact on the lives of millions today.
muhammad
Muhammad
  • Became a trader and business manager at 25.
  • Angel Gabriel: Told Muhammad that he was a messenger of Allah.
  • Convinced he was the last of the prophets.
  • Taught Allah was the one and only God.
  • Muslim: follower of Islam
  • Islam:” submission to the will of Allah”
the hijrah
The Hijrah
  • Muhammad and followers migration to Medina.
  • He was accepted as religious/political leader.
  • 630, the prophet marched back to Mecca to take back the city.
    • Entered the city in triumph
    • Most Meccans pledged their loyalty to him and Allah.
5 pillars of islam
5 Pillars of Islam
  • 1. Faith: To become a Muslim has to testify that there in no God but Allah.
  • 2. Prayer: 5 times a day, Muslims face toward Mecca (Sometimes at Mosque).
  • 3. Alms: responsibility to support the less fortunate.
  • 4. Fasting: During Ramadan fast between dawn and dusk.
  • 5. Pilgrimage: Hajj= The pilgrimage to Mecca.
islamic way of life
Islamic Way of Life
  • Carrying out 5 pillars of Islam ensures they follow religion in community.
  • Forbidden to eat pork or drink intoxication beverages.
  • Expected to worship Allah directly (no priests).
source of authority
Source of Authority
  • Allah: expressed his will through the angel Gabriel.
  • Qur’an: the Holy book of Muslims
slide9
B. Identify the Muslim trade routes to India, China, Europe, and Africa and assess the economic impact of this trade.
  • Turn to page 264 in textbook.
  • Trade goods Brought to Arabia:
    • Spices
    • Incense
    • Perfumes
    • Precious metals
    • Ivory
    • Silk
muslim trade network
Muslim Trade Network
  • Mediterranean Sea and Indian Ocean
  • Silk Roads of China and India connect with Europe and Africa.
  • Banks in cities throughout the empire.
  • Merchants carried not just goods but ideas from the world.
c explain the reasons for the split between sunni and shia muslims
c. Explain the reasons for the split between Sunni and Shia Muslims.
  • Islam Spreads into three continents
  • Muslim community faces issue of leadership which would eventually dived the Muslim world
    • Sunni Muslims: Those who did not resist the Umayyadas.
    • Shia Muslims: Caliph needed to be descendent of the prophet.
muhammad s successors
Muhammad’s Successors
  • Abu-Bakr: Became the first caliph(successor).
    • Encouraged and justified the expansion of Islam.
  • Umar: Second caliph
    • Muslim armies conquered Syria and lower Egypt.
  • Ali/Uthman: Next two caliphs
    • By the end of their rule Muslim Empire stretched 6000 miles from Atlantic Ocean to the Indus River.
internal conflict
Internal Conflict
  • Ali(cousin of Muhammad)- natural successor to Uthman was assassinated.
  • Umayyads: family that came to power.
    • Moved capital to Demascus
    • Arab Muslims felt it was too far away from their lands.
    • Abandoned the simple life of previous callliphs, surrounding themselves with wealth.