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Egypt

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  1. Egypt James Gibbons

  2. Statistics • Located in the northeast corner of Africa • Population (as of 7/07) - 80,335,036 • More than 3 times the size of New Mexico • Currency is the Egyptian pound • 71.4% of the population(15 and older) is literate • 2007 estimated population growth = 1.721% • Natural hazards: periodic droughts, flash floods, earthquakes, hot windstorms • Climate – hot dry summers and moderate winters

  3. Political • Independence from the UK on February 28, 1922 • Capital city is Cairo • Form of government = republic • The executive branch of government consists of a chief of state (president), head of government (prime minister), and cabinet • The president is elected for a six-year term with no limits on the number of terms served • President Mohamed Hosni Mubarak has been in office since October 14, 1981. • Prime Minister Ahmed Mohamed Nazif in office since July 9, 2004. • The legislative branch is made up of the People’s Assembly and the Advisory Council

  4. Current Administration Prime Minister Ahmed Mohamed Nazif President Mohamed Hosni Mubarak with President Bush

  5. Cultural • Primary language = Arabic • French and English understood by educated • Religion • About 90% Islam (mostly Sunni) • About 10% Christian • Film industry • “Hollywood of the Middle East” • Censoring and funding issues • U.S. filming in Egypt – goes to Tunisia instead • Ancient Egyptian history • Pharaohs, mummies, hieroglyphics

  6. Economic • Most economic activity takes place in the northeast corner as a result of the fertile Nile valley • Government has to provide subsidies for basic needs • Increase in foreign direct investment • Natural gas as a potentially strong export

  7. Millennium Development Goals • Very likely to be achieved – On track • Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger • Achieve universal primary education • Reduce child mortality • Improve maternal health • Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases • Possible to achieve if changes are made • Promote gender equality and empower women • Insufficient Information • Ensure environmental sustainability • Develop a global partnership for development

  8. “Egyptian government make ICTs a developmental priority” – Jan. 21, 2008 • Govt. has made information and communications technologies (ICTs) a developmental priority • Vastly improved an “antiquated” ICT infrastructure that had been in place since the early ‘90s • Example – People had to wait years to have a fixed phone line installed (with many being inadequate); now the wait is only a few weeks • Signed the WTO’s Basic Telecommunications Agreement (BTA) • Problem: lack of public participation in the ICT policy-making process • Makes “liberalisation a technocratic process without adequate public checks and balances. “ • Process driven by pressures of the global market

  9. “Political Blogger, Popular Novelist Jailed” – Feb. 7, 2008 • MosaadAboFagr, blogger and author, arrested on Dec. 26 for: “inciting the public to riot and damaging public properties” • Head of the “We want to live” movement – in support of Sinai Bedouins • Imprisoned for over 40 days – now extended for another 15 days • Wrote book about the severe human rights violations against the Sinai Bedouins, which the Egyptian govt. is trying to cover up – recently sold out at Cairo Book Fair • 12 Human Rights Organizations are asking the govt. to release him and uphold the constitution, which promises freedom of expression and rights to a fair trial

  10. “Egypt warns Palestinians not to breach Gaza border” – Feb. 7, 2008 • 2 weeks after the border was breached, Palestinians are warned to respect the border • Egypt closed the border on Feb. 3 • Clashes occurred between Egyptian border guards and Palestinian militants • Palestinians stuck in Egypt would be returned in organized groups • Foreign Minister Ahmed AboulGheit said anyone who breaches the border will have a foot broken • AboulGheit is asking Hamas to allow the Palestinian Authority to oversee part of the border

  11. “Egypt warns Palestinians not to breach Gaza border” (continued) • Egypt in sticky situation: do not want to be seen as aiding blockade, but are under pressure from U.S. and Israel to take control • Fear spread of Islamist influence

  12. Works Cited • Chibomba, Kelvin. "Egyptian government make ICTs a developmental priority." One World Africa. 21 Jan 2008. 10 Feb 2008 <http://africa.oneworld.net/article/view/157051/1/>. • "Egypt." The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. 02 Feb 2008 <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/print/eg.html>. • "Egypt." MDG Monitor. United Nations. 05 Feb 2008 <http://www.mdgmonitor.org/country_progress.cfm?c=EGY&cd=818>. • "Egypt warns Palestinians not to breach Gaza border." Reuters. 07 Feb 2008. Reuters. 10 Feb 2008 <http://today.reuters.com/news/articlenews.aspx?type=topNews&storyID=2008-02-07T113201Z_01_L0787363_RTRUKOC_0_US-EGYPT-BORDER-WARNING.xml&WTmodLoc=NewsHome-C1-topNews-6>. • "The movie business in Egypt." AME Info 08 Dec 2002. 02 Feb 2008 <http://www.ameinfo.com/16692.html>. • "Political Blogger, Popular Novelist Jailed." AllAfrica. 007 Feb 2008. AllAfrica Global Media. 08 Feb 2008 <http://allafrica.com/stories/200802070983.html>.