Unit 5 Reduced Adverb Clauses A. 1. After she talked to her teacher – TIME 2. knowing that he is a committed student – REASON – REDUCED 3. Before going to bed – TIME – REDUCED 4. because she forgot to register for it – REASON 5. while they were going to the library yesterday – TIME Sentence 5 cannot be reduced because the subjects in the clauses are different.
B. 2. IMPOSSIBLE 3. While waiting for the nurse to return, she began to remember the accident. 4. INPOSSIBLE 5. Being able to remember the accident, she would be allowed to go home. 6. IMPOSSIBLE 7. Celia has never driven over the speed limit again since suffering that accident. / Having suffered that accident, Celia has never driven over the speed limit again.
C. 1. Having seen / Seeing the accident, (…) 2. Having had some first aid training, he thought he could (…) 3. Not having seen / Not seeing any police around, (…) 4. Having talked to the driver and verified / After talking to the driver and verifying that the only problem was that she couldn’t get out of her seatbelt, (…) 5. Having seen / After seeing there was nothing he could do to help, (…)
D. Answers will vary. ECPE Practice • B • A