Adverb Clauses • Adverb clause = dependent clause. Ex. When the phone rang. • Main clause = independent clause. Ex. The baby woke up.
AFTER • Future tense is not used in this adverb clause. After she graduates, she will get a job. I will leavebefore he comes.
WHEN • When I arrived, he was talking on the phone. • When I see him tomorrow, I will ask him.
WHILE, AS During that time. * Adverb clause is in past progressive. While I was walking home, it began to rain. As I was walking home, it began to rain.
By the time • By the time he arrived, we had already left. • By the time he comes, we will have already left.
Since • From that time to the present • The present perfect is used in the main clause. • I haven’t seen him since he left this morning. • I’ve known her ever since I was a child.
Until • We stayed there until we finished our lesson. • We stayed there till we finished our lesson.
As soon asOnce • As soon as it starts raining, we will leave. • Once I have a chance, I will throw you an ice ball.
As long as From the Beginning to the end. • I will never speak to him as long as I live. • I will never speak to him so long as I live.
WheneverEvery time • Whenever I see her, I say hello. • Every time I see her, I say hello.
The first time, the second time… • The first time that I went to New York, I went to an opera. • I saw two plays the last time (that) I went to New York. • The next time (that) I go to New York, I’m going to see a ballet.