Adjective & Adverb Clauses - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Adjective & Adverb Clauses

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  1. Adjective & Adverb Clauses A review

  2. Clause v. Phrase • A clause has a subject and a verb • Independent (Main) Clause: expresses a complete thought • Dependent (Subordinate) Clause: does NOT express a complete thought • A phrase does not have both a subject and a verb • Prepositional Phrase: starts with a preposition and ends with the object of the preposition • Appositive Phrase: extra information, renames a noun. Has commas.

  3. Adjective Clause • Dependent (subordinate) clause • Starts with a relative pronoun (who, whom, whose, that, which) {95% of the time} • Describes a noun or pronoun • Can be essential or non-essential

  4. Essential & Non-Essential • Essential: necessary information (required to understand the subject of the sentence), no commas • The teacher who teaches math is a great dancer • Non-essential: extra information (usually a specific subject), has commas • Mr. Buckhalter, who teaches math, is a great dancer

  5. Adverb Clauses • Dependent (subordinate) clause • Starts with a subordinating conjunction (because, when, until, if, after, before…) • Tells how, when, where, why or to what extent • Ex. When Kate grows up, she’s going to be famous.

  6. Practice- adjective or adverb clause? • The store down the street that sells candy is offering a discount to teachers. • Wesley, whose artwork is amazing, also plays basketball. • Mr. Roberson will buy you a donut if you make a 100 on the subject-verb agreement test. • If you see Ms. Buford, tell her she’s awesome.

  7. Practice– write the subordinate clause & then decide if it’s adjective or adverb • After the Rebels won, the whole town cheered. • Mrs. Martin, who teaches English, is going to have a baby very soon. • Don’t forget to tell Ms. Buford she’s awesome when you see her today. • Because we are learning about clauses, we have to practice identifying them. • The sugar cookies that Kroger sells are my favorite snack.