What does it do? • An adverb clause is a dependent clause that modifies a verb, an adjective, or an adverb. • Adverb clause tells: • WHEN, WHERE, HOW, WHY, TO WHAT EXTENT, UNDER WHAT CONDITIONS
When, where, why, how, to what extent, under what condition • You may sit wherever you wish. • VerbSit • Sit where? • When winter sets in, many animals hibernate. • Verbhibernate • Hibernate when? • Caroline and Natalie look as though they have some exciting news for us. • Verb look • Look how?
When, where, why, how, to what extent, under what condition • Happy because he made an A, Logan hurried home. • Adverb happy • Happy why? • Tia can talk faster than I can. • Adverb faster • Talk to what extent faster? • If it does not rain tomorrow, we will play softball. • Verbplay • Play under what condition?
Common subordinating conjunctions—words that show the relationship between the adv clause and the word it modifies • After if where • Although in order that whenever • Assince where • As if so that wherever • As long as than whether • As soon as though while • As though unless • Because until ***also common • Before when prepositions • How whenever
WB 126 • 1. A lobsterfears few enemies becauseithas a hard, protective shell. ---(fears, why?) • 2. A sharkcan swimfasterthan a humancan. ---(faster, under what conditions? • 3. The life expectancy of a sea turtle is not as long asit once was. ---(long, to what extent?)
WB 126 • 4. When an octopusis attacked, itcan spray a jet of inky fluid at its opponent. ---(can spray, when?) • 5. Up close at night, a coral reefis more beautifulthanyoucan imagine. ---(beautiful, to what extent?) • 6. When a moray eelfeels it is threatened, itwithdraws into its hiding place. ---(withdraws, when?)
WB 126 • 7. A sea cow canswimfasterthanyoumight think. ---(faster, to what extent?) • 8. The sting of most jellyfish can be dangerous unlessitis treated. ---(dangerous, under what conditions?) • 9. A pufferinflates itself like a balloon until its attackerswims away. ---(inflates, when?)
WB 126 • 10. Ice fishlivewheretemperatures sometimes drop below freezing. ---(live, where?)