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Brazilian Independence…..And Empire. Baker Bean Bless Blum. Achieving Independence. By the end of the 18 th century Brazil had grown in population and economic exports European demand for products : Sugar Cotton Cocoa. Slaves Take Over?.

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achieving independence
Achieving Independence
  • By the end of the 18th century Brazil had grown in population and economic exports
  • European demand for products :
      • Sugar
      • Cotton
      • Cocoa
slaves take over
Slaves Take Over?
  • Planters, merchants, and miners longed for more open trade and fewer taxes
  • They feared they may upset the political system
  • It could have lead to a social revolution or a slave uprising
  • However, their attempts at this were unsuccessful
brazil portugal
Brazil=Portugal
  • In 1807 French troops invaded Portugal
  • The entire Portuguese royal family and court fled from the country and sailed to Brazil under the protection of British ships
  • New court established at Rio de Janeiro
  • Became the capital of the Portuguese empire
dom pedro ii
Son of Dom Pedro I who was forced to abdicate his throne in 1831 in favor of Dom Pedro II

When he came into power he was too young to rule so a series of regents directed the country in his name

Proved to be an enlighted man of middle-class habits who was anxious to reign over a tranquil and progressive nation

His nation was based upon slave labor

Dom Pedro II
coffee
COFFEE!!!
  • Coffee provided a new basis for agricultural expansion in southern Brazil
  • By 1840, coffee made up more than 40% of Brazils exports
  • By 1880, coffee made up more than 60% of their exports
  • Along with the expansion of coffee growing came an intensification of slavery
slavery
Slavery
  • It was Brazil’s primary form of labor
  • More than 1.4 million Africans were imported to Brazil in the last 50 years of the trade
  • Even after the trans-Atlantic slave trade ended, slavery continued
  • At mid-century, about ¼ of Brazil’s population was still enslaved
  • Brazil finally abolished slavery in 1888
urbanization
Urbanization
  • Railroads, steamships, and the telegraph began to change communication and transportation
  • Foreign companies invested in banking and these new forms of communication and transportation
  • Less land-holding and slavery occurred
peasant revolt
Peasant Revolt
  • The change to a republic economic hardship and the secularization of society provoked peasant unrest
  • The peasants were unhappy in rural areas
  • They were lead by Antonio Conselheiro, a religious mystic
  • The government feared this peasant army and sent 4 military expeditions against them
  • The fighting was bloody, and the casualties were in the thousands