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The United States Government

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  1. The United StatesGovernment Created by Lisa Bremer

  2. The Declaration of Independence

  3. The Declaration of IndependenceJuly 4, 1776 • The declaration of Independence has a Preamble and statements of peoples rights. • The purpose of the Declaration of Independence was to state that the colonies had the right to break away from the Britain rule.

  4. The Declaration of Independence We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.

  5. That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed

  6. That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness.

  7. These rights cannot be taken away. When the government try to take away these rights, the people have the right to change the government.

  8. The Constitution of the United States The purpose of the Constitution was to set up a fairer form of government and to secure peace and freedom for themselves and the future generations.

  9. The Bill of Rights The Bill of Rights are the first ten amendments in the United States Constitution. (The rights of the citizens) The purpose for The Bill of Rights is to describe freedoms of the people that the government cannot take away.

  10. The First Amendment Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

  11. Freedom of Speech

  12. Cont. Freedom of Speech Part of President Lincoln’s speech at Gettysburg “Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.”

  13. Right to assembly

  14. Freedom of Religion In our Constitution, a fundamental right of the people at the state and local level is protected from infringement by the national government: the right of the people to honor God according to their choice.

  15. 13th Amendment Slavery Abolished

  16. Born into Slavery

  17. The 13th Amendment Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.

  18. The 14th Amendment Citizenship Rights

  19. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

  20. The 15th Amendment Race No Bar to Vote

  21. The First Vote of African Americans To vote one must pay a additional Poll Tax, pass a test, and own land. These Jim Crowe Laws were used to prevent Black Americans from voting.

  22. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.

  23. The 19th Amendment Women's suffrage

  24. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.

  25. Women Protesting for Women’s Rights

  26. What makes up the U.S. Government? The Local Government The State Government The Federal Government

  27. Local Government • Provides city police • Provides fire department • City council • Provides a Mayor • Collect taxes • Borrow money

  28. State Government Powers • Education • Police • State Highways • Trade inside the state • Collect taxes • Set up banks • Set up courts • Borrow money

  29. Federal Government Powers • Defending our country • Dealing with foreign countries • making and controlling our money system • Trading between countries • Trading between states • Collect taxes • Set up banks • Set up courts • Borrow money

  30. 3 Branches of Government Legislative Branch Judicial Branch Executive Branch

  31. Legislative Branch Legislative Branch: Headed by Congress, which includes the House of Representatives and the Senate. The main task of these two bodies is to make the laws. Its powers include passing laws, originating spending bills (House), impeaching officials (Senate), and approving treaties (Senate).

  32. Judicial Branch Judicial Branch: Headed by the Supreme Court. Its powers include interpreting the Constitution, reviewing laws, and deciding cases involving states'

  33. Executive Branch Executive Branch: Headed by the president. The president carries out federal laws and recommends new ones, directs national defense and foreign policy, and performs ceremonial duties. Powers include directing government, commanding the Armed Forces, dealing with international powers, acting as chief law enforcement officer, and vetoing laws.

  34. The Tennessee State Constitution -vs- The United States Constitution

  35. Executive Branch: Governor State Supreme Court House of Representatives and House of Senate There are 99 House of Representatives. One for each county Executive Branch: President Federal Supreme Court House of Representatives and House of Senate Representatives are determined by population. There are 2 senators for each state. Tennessee –vs- United States

  36. AMERICAN CULTURES • In the American culture, there are various personal, religious, and national celebrations that are recognized. • These celebrations define what the American culture is about.

  37. Independence Day On July 4, 1776, we claimed our independence from Britain and Democracy was born. The United States is truly a diverse nation made up of dynamic people.

  38. Independence Day July 4

  39. Each year on July 4, Americans celebrate that freedom and independence with barbecues, picnics, and family gatherings.

  40. Every day thousands leave their homeland to come to the "land of the free and the home of the brave" so they can begin their American Dream.

  41. Columbus Day Second Monday in October

  42. Columbus Day is a day set aside to celebrate Columbus’s landing in the new world, which would later be known as the United States

  43. 1869when Italians in San Francisco celebrated Oct. 12 they called it Columbus Day.

  44. 1905 Colorado became the first state to observe a Columbus Day.

  45. 1937President Franklin Roosevelt proclaimed every Oct. 12 as Columbus Day.

  46. 1968 President Johnson declared it a federal public holiday on the 2nd Mon. in Oct.