Safavid Empire (1501-1740) Empire of the Persians
Modern day Iran • Population = 68+ million people • 51% Persian • 89% Shia Muslim Predominant language = Farsi
Shah Ismail established the Safavid Dynasty in 1501 . • He declared Shia Islam the new religion (over Sunni Islam). • He invited all shias to move to Iran where they would be protected.
The Sunni Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (Selim) attacked the Safavid kingdom to stop the spread of Shiism into Ottoman dominions in 1514. Sultan Selim I also took Ismā'il's favorite wife hostage, demanding huge concessions for her release. Ismā'il refused to cede to the Ottoman demands, and is said to have died of a broken heart in 1524 at the early age of thirty-six, never having seen his beloved spouse again.
Romantic Persians • Love Poetry • Sufi mysticism • Persian paintings • Love potions • Musical instruments • Garden • Love stories/romances • Textiles and crafts • Architecture
"Mosque of Time and Clock."Yazd, Iran ---------------- Agha Bozorg Mosque, 1700’s
Shah Abbas 1571-1629 • Defeated Ottoman Turks 1603 • Took Baghdad • Respected diplomat, Cruel warrior, tolerant to Christians…
A painting by Riaz-i-Abbasi completed on January, 28, 1633, four years after Shah Abbas's death, and currently on display at the Hermitage Museum in St Petersburg, Russia, shows Shah Abbas passing a drink to Alam Khan after a hunting episode.