The Roman Empire: Early, High & Late Architecture . Understand the role of the Colosseum and amphitheater in Roman life. Understand the development of Roman art and architecture as the empire expands and develops. The Early Empire (27 B.C. – 98 C.E.).
Early, High & Late Architecture
Understand the development of Roman art and architecture as the empire expands and develops.The Early Empire (27 B.C. – 98 C.E.)
Aerial view of the Colosseum* (Flavian Amphitheater), Rome, Italy, ca. 70–80 CE.-oval shaped 615’ x 510’-outer wall=159’ H-top wall supported an awning for shade-
From bottom to top, different orders of arch. From basic to complex (Hellenistic influence):
Tuscan—plain order on ground level
Attic story has small, square windows that alternate with bronze cartouches (shield shaped ornaments)
Colosseum—most of it was dismantled during Middle Ages for marble, metal fittings and materials for churches
Commissioned by emperor Domitian to honor his brother, Titus
Made of concrete but faced with marble
Originally the base for a statue of a 4 horse chariot and driver
Columns are in the Composite order
THE ARCH OF TITUS
Romans destroyed the Second Temple in Jerusalem, carried off its sacred treasures and displayed them in a triumphal procession in Rome
Used relief to show sense of space
Examine artistic development and formal changes, especially issues of space and narration in the Column of Trajan.
Trajan chooses Apollodorus of Damascus to redesign the Forum (Rome’s city center)Art under Trajan in Spain, Africa, Italy
Figure 10-43 APOLLODORUS OF DAMASCUS, Forum of Trajan, Rome, Italy, dedicated 112 CE. (James E. Packer and John Burge). 1) Temple of Trajan, 2) Column of Trajan, 3) libraries, 4) Basilica Ulpia, 5) forum, 6) equestrian statue of Trajan.
-shows them crossing the Danube and building a fort
Refined, pictoral narrative of Dacian campaigns 102-103 and 105-106 C.E.
2,500 individual figures with a recurring Trajan
Explore the luxuries of HadrianArchitecture of the High Empire
Relate aspects of Roman culture and their influence in today's life.
Understand how power, order and lost individuality are expressed in the art of the Late Empire.
Examine the changes brought about in the art and architecture in the time of Constantine.
Consider the Roman Empire as a bridge between the ancient and medieval and modern worlds.Late Empire (192-337 C.E.)
3 barrel vaulted arch
Abstract style is removed from realism of before
Constantine=bridge to the art of the Middle Ages