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Byzantine Empire. (Eastern Roman Empire) . Fall of Roman Empire. 330 – Constantine moves the capital of Roman empire to “Byzantium” Had been a Greek city He renames the city “Constantinople” Constantinople is in a key location Entrance to Black Sea Important trade route (water and land).

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byzantine empire

Byzantine Empire

(Eastern Roman Empire)

fall of roman empire
Fall of Roman Empire
  • 330 – Constantine moves the capital of Roman empire to “Byzantium”
    • Had been a Greek city
    • He renames the city “Constantinople”
  • Constantinople is in a key location
    • Entrance to Black Sea
    • Important trade route (water and land)
they might be giants
They Might Be Giants

Istanbul was ConstantinopleNow it's Istanbul, not ConstantinopleBeen a long time gone, ConstantinopleNow it's Turkish delight on a moonlit nightEvery gal in ConstantinopleLives in Istanbul, not ConstantinopleSo if you've a date in ConstantinopleShe'll be waiting in IstanbulEven old New York was once New AmsterdamWhy they changed it I can't sayPeople just liked it better that way So take me back to ConstantinopleNo, you can't go back to ConstantinopleBeen a long time gone, ConstantinopleWhy did Constantinople get the works?That's nobody's business but the TurksIstanbul (Istanbul)Istanbul (Istanbul)

Even old New York was once New AmsterdamWhy they changed it I can't sayPeople just liked it better that wayIstanbul was ConstantinopleNow it's Istanbul, not ConstantinopleBeen a long time gone, ConstantinopleWhy did Constantinople get the works?That's nobody's business but the TurksSo take me back to ConstantinopleNo, you can't go back to ConstantinopleBeen a long time gone, ConstantinopleWhy did Constantinople get the works?That's nobody's business but the TurksIstanbul

mosaics
Mosaics
  • Art is very similar
  • Art is very religious
justinian empire
Justinian Empire
  • Justinian on throne 527
  • Wanted to restore empire to size of Roman Empire
  • Monumental building plans
  • Codified law (Codex Justinianus)
    • Latin and Greek
  • Persecuted non Christian
    • Jews and polytheists
    • Shut down some philosophy schools
  • Built more than 25 churches
empress theodora
Empress Theodora
  • Former dancer/actress/courtesan
  • She had many admirers
  • She was outside of Justinian’s class but he married her anyway
  • Assisted with state decisions and was very decisive
  • Fought for women’s rights
    • Abortion
    • Right to commit adultry
  • Justinian’s equal
  • Died of cancer (breast) 20 years before Justinian
procopius historian
Procopius - Historian
  • Published many histories
  • Secret History was the scandals of Justinian Byzantine
  • May have fallen out of favor with Justinian
  • Wrote of a plague “Justinian Plague”
    • Probably bubonic
    • Killed 10,000 people per day in Constantinople
nika revolt
Nika Revolt
  • Chariot Racing fans divided into 4 groups
    • Blue, Green, White, and Red
  • Justinian favored the blues
  • Some blues & greens charged with murder but not hanged
  • Wanted to be pardoned-Justinian refused
  • Riots occur – try to overthrow Justinian
hagia sophia
Hagia Sophia
  • Main church of Constantinople
  • Greek for “Holy Wisdom”
  • Destroyed twice
    • 1. Fire
    • 2. Civil Disorder of Nika Revolt
  • Shape of basilica with domed center
dome construction
Dome construction
  • Pendentives: triangular masonry that carried the weight of dome in sections and not on a circular drum
  • Increased the size of domes
hagia sophia16
Hagia Sophia
  • After Justinian, other emperors made additions
  • Added mosaics and paintings
  • Conquered by Turks and turned into a mosque
  • Mosaics covered because Islam prohibits the use of images
  • Some have since been recovered
ravenna
Ravenna
  • City in northern Italy
  • Roman, “barbarian” Gothic, Byzantine
  • Home to many Byzantine buildings and art (especially mosaics)
the good shepherd
The Good Shepherd

BeardlessToga“Persian rug”

icon debate
Icon: painting of a religious figure that is used in worship

“a window into the world of sacred”

God said that you should not worship idols

It is just a thing – not a religious entity

Icon debate
saint catherine s monastery
Saint Catherine’s Monastery
  • In the shadow of Mount Sinai
  • Where God spoke to Moses in a burning bush
  • Where God gave Moses the 10 Commandments
  • Justinian built a monastery that is still used
next up
Next up….
  • Philosophers of Byzantine
    • Saint Augustine of Hippo
    • Boethius