Politics of Slavery Ch 10 Sect 1 Pg 304
Industry & Immigration in the North • Railroads carried raw materials east & manufactured goods west. • Immigrants entered cities to work in factories in increasing numbers. • Most immigrants opposed slavery. • Northerners feared the expansion of slavery because… • Compete w/ free labor • Reduce the status of white laborers who could not compete w/ slave labor.
Agriculture & Slavery in the South • Remained rural • Used mostly rivers for transportation. • Few immigrants settled in the south b/c • Slaves filled the labor supply. • Strong opposition to slavery. • Conflict over slavery rattled society. • Southern whites feared any restriction to slavery would lead to social & economic revolution.
Slavery in the Territories • Wilmot Proviso – meant that territories would be closed to slavery. • Northerners • Feared adding slave territory would give slave states more members in Congress. • Southerners • Slaves were property thus protected by the constitution. • The addition of new states would upset the balance b/w free & slave states.
Statehood for California • CA’s constitution forbade slavery. • South began to question the balance of power in Congress. • South questions being part of the union.
Clay’s Compromise • Southerners threatened secession. • Secession – the formal withdrawal of a state from the union. • Henry Clay worked to compose the Compromise of 1850 • Provided that CA be a free state. • Proposed a tough fugitive slave law. • Allowed residents of territories popular sovereignty. • popular sovereignty – the right of residents of a territory to vote for or against slavery.
Calhoun & Webster Respond • “I wish to speak today, not as a Massachusetts man, nor as a northern man, but as an American…” • Both urged the North to compromise w/ the south. • Warned southerners of the consequences of secession.
Compromise is Adopted • Senate rejected the compromise. • Stephen Douglas took up the fight. • He unbundled the package of resolutions & reintroduced them one at a time. • President Taylor died suddenly leaving Millard Fillmore as president. • Fillmore supported the compromise. • Finally, Compromise of 1850 was voted into law.