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Main Idea. Essential Question. The Decisive Politics of Slavery. What were the terms of the Compromise of 1850? Why didn’t they resolve the debate on slavery?. Objectives. Differences Between the North and South. North - Industry and Immigration
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Main Idea • Essential Question The Decisive Politics of Slavery What were the terms of the Compromise of 1850? Why didn’t they resolve the debate on slavery?
Differences Between the North and South • North - Industry and Immigration • Railroads connected northern cities, allowing faster and more efficient travel and shipment of goods • South - Agriculture and Slavery • South still relied on rivers and canals, which were unreliable during periods of flooding or freezing • The divide between the two halves had grown so wide that slavery becomes the major issue in US politics • Many immigrants to the US opposed slavery because it threatened to take away potential jobs from workers • Southerners feared social and economic collapse if slavery was restricted • Wilmot Proviso –
Slavery in the Territories • Wilmot Proviso threatened to block the expansion of slavery, which prompted Southern law makers to consider succession • Secession – • As a result of the gold rush, population in California exploded. By 1850, they had adopted a state constitution, elected a governor and a Congress and applied to join the Union. • California constitution forbade slavery, and applied as a free state • Zachary Taylor – • Nicknamed “Old Rough and Ready” for his career as a General, but was an amateur politician who never used the veto and mostly deferred to Congress
The Senate Debates • Compromise of 1850 – • Key Legislators worked tirelessly to achieve a compromise to prevent succession • Webster – supported compromise because he thought slavery wouldn’t survive in Western lands bad for cotton, • Calhoun – opposed compromise, saying there should be Presidents from North and South with equal veto power • Henry Clay – • Popular Sovereignty – • Issue was popular with both North and South as a way to admit states to the Union and allow voters to determine free/slave
Compromise is Adopted • The Senate rejects the original Compromise, Clay leaves Washington in frustration • Taylor opposed the Compromise because he thought California should be allowed to enter without appeasing the secessionists • Stephen A. Douglas – • Calhoun dies, removing obstacle for the Northern legislators • President Taylor died of a stomach disease unexpectedly, shaking up the leadership in DC • Millard Fillmore –