Main Idea • Essential Question The Decisive Politics of Slavery What were the terms of the Compromise of 1850? Why didn’t they resolve the debate on slavery?
Differences Between the North and South • North - Industry and Immigration • Railroads connected northern cities, allowing faster and more efficient travel and shipment of goods • South - Agriculture and Slavery • South still relied on rivers and canals, which were unreliable during periods of flooding or freezing • The divide between the two halves had grown so wide that slavery becomes the major issue in US politics • Many immigrants to the US opposed slavery because it threatened to take away potential jobs from workers • Southerners feared social and economic collapse if slavery was restricted • Wilmot Proviso –
Slavery in the Territories • Wilmot Proviso threatened to block the expansion of slavery, which prompted Southern law makers to consider succession • Secession – • As a result of the gold rush, population in California exploded. By 1850, they had adopted a state constitution, elected a governor and a Congress and applied to join the Union. • California constitution forbade slavery, and applied as a free state • Zachary Taylor – • Nicknamed “Old Rough and Ready” for his career as a General, but was an amateur politician who never used the veto and mostly deferred to Congress
The Senate Debates • Compromise of 1850 – • Key Legislators worked tirelessly to achieve a compromise to prevent succession • Webster – supported compromise because he thought slavery wouldn’t survive in Western lands bad for cotton, • Calhoun – opposed compromise, saying there should be Presidents from North and South with equal veto power • Henry Clay – • Popular Sovereignty – • Issue was popular with both North and South as a way to admit states to the Union and allow voters to determine free/slave
Compromise is Adopted • The Senate rejects the original Compromise, Clay leaves Washington in frustration • Taylor opposed the Compromise because he thought California should be allowed to enter without appeasing the secessionists • Stephen A. Douglas – • Calhoun dies, removing obstacle for the Northern legislators • President Taylor died of a stomach disease unexpectedly, shaking up the leadership in DC • Millard Fillmore –