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The Divisive Politics of Slavery

The Divisive Politics of Slavery

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The Divisive Politics of Slavery

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  1. The Divisive Politics of Slavery Chapter 10 Section 1

  2. I Differences Between North and South • Differences in economy and culture had developed between N and S

  3. A. Industry and Immigration in the North • N was industrializing rapidly • Factories mass producing products • RR crisscrossed trhe N & extended W carrying goods • Small towns like Chicago wuickly turn into cities due to large vol. of ppl & goods arriving via RR • Immigrants (Irish & German) became factory workers while others go west

  4. Immigrants became vboters who strongly opposed slavery because… • Expansion of slavery would bring slave labor in direct competition w/ ppl who worked for wages • Thretened to reduce status of white workers who could not successfully compete w/ slaves

  5. B. Agriculture in the South • Remained predominantly rural w/ planations & small farms • Its econ. Depended on agriculture • Especially cotton • Did not take advantage of tech. mprovements like the N (RR & Tele.) • Pop. Grwew slower • Im. Did not settle in S because most jobs held by slaves • S feared restriction of slaverydestruction of the S econ. & culture

  6. II Slavery in the Territories • Dem. Congressmen David Wilmont increases tensions between N and S by proposing the Wilmot Proviso • WP= slavery & involuntary servitude is outlawed in any terr. That might be ganed in war w/ mexico

  7. A. The Wilmot Proviso • N accepted WP not because they were all abolotinists but because tey were angry over S congressman’s refusal to vote for internal impr. • Alsdo feared adding more slave states would give s\them more power in congress • S opposed WP claiming it was unconstitutional because slaves were prop. And the constitution protects property • Feared that it would add more free states and give them more power in congress

  8. B. Statehood for California • Cali’s pop grew quick due to the gold rushcreated a state constitution which forbade slavery & applied to become state • S were angry because they assumed the Mizzou comp that opened area to slavery would guarantee it to become slave states • Pres. Taylor approves constitution because he believed S could combate abolitionists best by leaving it up to the ppl/terr/states instead of congress • S began to wuestion whether it should remain in the Union

  9. III the Senate Debates • Sectional conflicts arise from Cali’s admission as a state • N demands abolition in DC • S accuses N nof not enforcing fugitive slave actthreaten to secede • Secession= formal withdrawel of a state from the union

  10. A. Clay’s Compromise • Henry Clay proposes a set of resolutions called the Compromise of 1850 to solve sectional divide • Hoped it would end all controversy between free and slave states due to slavery

  11. B. Terms of the Compromise • Contained procisions to appease N and S • To please NCali would become free state • To please S proposed new and more effective fugitive slave law • Come provisions pleased both N and S • Pop sov= the right of residents in a terr. To vote for or against slavery • Fed gov’t would pay texas to give up its claim to NM • N happy because it limited slavery to Texas & S because $$ would help texas w/ its expenses from war w/ Mexico

  12. C. Calhoun & Webster Respond • Clay’s speech defends his plan and marks one of the greatest pol. Debates in US history • Calhoun then follows w/ the S case for slaveryWebster’s response which calls for national unity (pg 286)

  13. D. The Compromise is Adopted • Despite Clay and Websters attempt the Senate rejected the Comp.Clay leaves DC and Stephen Douglas picks up the reigns • Douglass changes plan from Omnibus bill to an unbundled one and reintroduces it one provision at a time • This way, congressmen who didn’t like part of it didn’t have to vote against the entire thing but only vote for what he liked • Pres. Taylor diesFillmore takes his place (supports the comp.) • Comp of 1850 passes into law believed this would forever sttle the question of slavery and sectional diff. • Unfortunatly the enforcement of the Fugtive Slave Act would bring crisis back to the forefront